Общие принципы права в системе международного права
The general principles of law recognized by civilized nations, as defined in the Statute of the International Court of Justice, remain an important legal tool designed to regulate interstate relations, including those used in the settlement of disputes between states. The need for their application, as a rule, arises when a particular issue is not covered by international treaties and international customs and it is required to fill a gap in international law. At the same time, since the introduction of the term “general principles of law recognized by civilized nations” (hereinafter, general principles of law) into international legal circulation, its official interpretation has not yet been given. In the science of international law, there is also no common position regarding the content of general principles of law, their legal nature, and an unambiguous answer to the question of whether they refer to the sources of international law is not given. Nonetheless, a general approach is emerging, according to which such principles are general principles of law arising from national legal systems, and general principles formed within the framework of the international legal system. General principles of law arising from national legal systems are the norms of domestic law and remain so regardless of whether there is a need for their use, which is carried out by transposition into the international legal system. The article proposes such methods as: general or general transposition — international legal inclusion of general principles of law arising from national legal systems into international law; reception — a reflection of the general principles of domestic law in international treaties or international customs; reference — a provision of an international treaty or a decision of an international judicial body, according to which the law enforcement officer refers to the general principles of law arising from national legal systems. General principles of law are applicable law, elements of which are often found in the founding treaties establishing international judicial bodies. They can be found in other practice of law enforcement. In author’s opinion, the general principles of law can only be conditionally attributed to the source of international law, since they represent the norms of international or domestic law. In this work, an attempt is made to reveal the legal nature of the general principles of law, to reveal their role and place in international law and the Russian legal system.