The problem of small sample size, i.e. absence of required quantity of empirical data for decision making of rational constructive-technically, in case of computer-aided design of elements, nodes and technical objects’ devices is considered. Randomization approach for blur factor’s determination of nonparametric decision rules is suggested. The approach of Laplace’s method in using cores’ asymptotic bound in case of static model is considered.
We consider the problem of a viscous incompressible fluid flow along a flat plate with a small solitary perturbation (of hump, step, or corner type) for large Reynolds numbers. We obtain an asymptotic solution in which the boundary layer has a double-deck structure.
The system of equations of gravity surface waves is considered in the case where the basin's bottom is given by a rapidly oscillating function against a background of slow variations of the bottom. Under the assumption that the lengths of the waves under study are greater than the characteristic length of the basin bottom's oscillations but can be much less than the characteristic dimensions of the domain where these waves propagate, the adiabatic approximation is used to pass to a reduced homogenized equation of wave equation type or to the linearized Boussinesq equation with dispersion that is “anomalous” in the theory of surface waves (equations of wave equation type with added fourth derivatives).The rapidly varying solutions of the reduced equation can be found (and they were also found in the authors' works) by asymptotic methods, for example, by the WKB method, and in the case of focal points, by the Maslov canonical operator and its generalizations.