Локальные разложения решений пятого уравнения Пенлеве
In this work, the methods of power geometry are used to find asymptotic expansions of solutions to the fifth Painlevй equation as x 0 for all values of its four complex parameters. We obtain 30 families of expansions, of which 22 are obtained from published expansions of solutions to the sixth Painlevй equation. Among the other eight families, one was previously known and two can be obtained from the expansions of solutions to the third Painlevй equation. Three families of half-exotic expansions and two families of complicated expansions are new.
By means of Power Geometry we obtained all asymptotic expansions of solutions to the equation P5 of the following five types: power, power-logarithmic, complicated, exotic and half-exotic for all values of 4 complex parameters of the equation. They form 16 and 30 families in the neighbourhood of singular points z = infty and z = 0 correspondingly. There exist 10 families in the neighbourhood of nonsingular point. Over 20 families are new.
In a neighborhood of a singular point, we consider autonomous systems of ordinary differential equations such that the matrix of their linear part has two purely imaginary eigenvalues, while the other eigenvalues lie outside the imaginary axis. We study the reducibility of such systems to pseudonormal form. We prove that the problem of finitely smooth equivalence can be solved for such systems by using finite segments of the Taylor series of their right-hand sides.
This paper is a continuation of our previous paper where the Painlevé-Calogero correspondence has been extended to auxiliary linear problems associated with Painlevé equations. We have proved, for the first five equations from the Painlevé list, that one of the linear problems can be recast in the form of the non-stationary Schrödinger equation whose Hamiltonian is a natural quantization of the classical Calogero-like Hamiltonian for the corresponding Painlevé equation. In the present paper we establish the quantum Painlevé-Calogero correspondence for the most general case, the Painlevé VI equation. We also show how the desired special gauge and the needed choice of variables can be derived starting from the corresponding Schlesinger system with rational spectral parameter.
Painlevé equations, holomorphic vector fields and normal forms, summability of WKB solutions, Gevrey order and summability of formal solutions for ordinary and partial differ- ential equations, • Stokes phenomena of formal solutions of non-linear PDEs, and the small divisors phenomenon, • summability of solutions of difference equations, • applications to integrable systems and mathematical physics.
In this paper, in a neighborhood of a singular point, we consider autonomous systems of ordinary differential equations such that the matrix of their linear part has one zero eigenvalue, while the other eigenvalues lie outside the imaginary axis. We prove that the problem of finitely smooth equivalence can be solved for such systems by using finite segments of the Taylor series of their right-hand sides.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.