Использование методов поддержки принятия решений в ситуационных центрах
This paper focuses on the empirical study of one of the most pressing problems of moral psychology today , namely the study of the group as a subject of moral functioning. Tradition investigate the effects of group characteristics and gruppodinamicheskih processes are actively formed in moral psychology , both in our country and abroad. Our study links the type sociometric structure and the type of group moral solutions aimed at the integration of empirical approaches in moral psychology and social psychology. Objective: to study the phenomenology of the process of moral decision making group , the definition of the real impact of sociometric structure and dynamics of the individual level of moral consciousness in the process of group discussion. The sample consisted of 86 people, divided into 6 groups , ages 18 to 24, students studying psychology at the universities of Moscow. The main finding of the study supports the fact that sociometric structure has a decisive influence on the type of group moral decisions and allows overestimate the importance of the rational component of moral functioning moral psychology.
The basic Smart-education elements are considered in the article: the university facilities; the information sources types; the way of the educational process organization; the number of educational group; the technology of an information presentation; the technology of the organization of current and total knowledge control; the knowledge presentation speed according to a particular student; the sequence and the number of the simultaneous studied objects; the students preferences. The questions of the trajectory choice in the of Smart-education environment are discussed. The authors give the approximate content of a possible education trajectory. The article offers the technique of the education trajectory choice based on the decision-making support methods. The specified technique allows using both expert’s knowledge and experience in various fields of the organization and ensuring educational process, and the requirements of students. The article considers both group and individual decision-making methods. The authors prove the method choice for the task solution. The article shows an example of the minimum distance method application for the expert’s opinions coordination while choosing the alternative educational trajectories. The example of the hierarchy analysis method application while choosing one of the alternative educational trajectories recommended by experts is shown. The offered technique allows to automate the process of the most rational education trajectory choice and to reduce decision-making time and costs.
In this paper we examine the maintenance decision support in classification of the dangerous situations discovered by the monitoring system. This task is reduced to the contextual multi-armed bandit problem. We highlight small sample size problem appeared in this task due to the rather rare failures. The novel algorithm based on the nearest neighbor search is proposed. An experimental study is provided for several synthetic datasets with the situations described by either simple features or grayscale images. It is shown, that our algorithm outperforms the well-known contextual multi-armed methods with the Upper Confidence Bound and softmax random search strategies.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.