Time-dependent switching of the photon entanglement type using a driven quantum emitter–cavity system
The cascaded decay in a four-level quantum emitter is a well-established mechanism to generate polarization-entangled photon pairs, the building blocks of many applications in quantum technologies. The four most prominent maximally entangled photon pair states are the Bell states. In a typical experiment based on an undriven emitter, only one type of Bell state entanglement can be observed in a given polarization basis. Other types of Bell state entanglement in the same basis can be created by continuously driving the system by an external laser. In this work, we propose a protocol for time-dependent entanglement switching in a four-level quantum emitter–cavity system that can be operated by changing the external driving strength. By selecting different two-photon resonances between the laser-dressed states, we can actively switch back and forth between the different types of Bell state entanglement in the same basis as well as between entangled and nonentangled photon pairs. This remarkable feature demonstrates the possibility to achieve a controlled, time-dependent manipulation of the entanglement type that could be used in many innovative applications.