Первые итоги Соглашения ЕАЭС – Вьетнам по торговле услугами и формирование переговорных стратегий по новым соглашениям в сфере услуг
In the last decades, the importance of trade in services in global trade flows has grown from strength to strength. This trend has stimulated the proliferation of bilateral and multilateral trade agreements aimed at ensuring equal and fair access for service providers to foreign markets. The Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) are no exceptions to this global trend and strive to ensure free trade in services with foreign partners as a part of trade policies. This article analyzes theoretical and practical aspects of implementing the provisions on trade in services of the free trade agreement (FTA) between the EAEU and Vietnam, specifically applied to Russia and Vietnam. The results of the agreement’s implementation are instrumental in formulating the main contributions of the strategy that will increase the efficiency of future agreements on trade in services between the EAEU and foreign partners. The following strategy has already been applied to the example of service sector cooperation between Russia and Singapore. The emphasis of the study is quite universal, and the contributions of the strategy are applicable to other regional associations.
The globalization of services plays an important role in the general process of the globalization of science, technology and innovation. Liberalization and advances in information and communication technologies has transformed knowledge-intensive services - not simply improving their trade prospects, but altering how industrial activities are conducted, integrating services and goods and contributing to the unbundling of services activities, their outsourcing and offshoring. These processes allow multiple points of entry for new types of organization, including the expansion of new knowledge-intensive service activities and the development of new international service suppliers. This has implications both for innovations in these activities, and for their role in contributing to innovation systems around the world
The EU has the most developed liberalization mechanism in services trade within the framework of an economic bloc. On the basis internal market of the European Union there are four complementary principles: non-discrimination, national origin, mutual recognition and harmonization. The system of supranational institutions, which decisions are binding upon member states, contributes to a high level of services liberalization in the EU. However, the creation of a single market for services hasn’t completed at all. The reasons are following: not all basic for single market principles are fully applied, and a service is a very specific object for international trade. Financial - economic crisis caused a new wave of protectionism in different countries, which has reflected in the preservation and the emergence of new barriers to trade in services within the EU. Integration of services in the Union is accompanied by important trade initiatives at the multilateral level. In the World Trade Organization EU countries negotiate a new agreement on trade in services, and offer provisions which providing transparency, deepening liberalization and investor protection for foreign investors in the market, will also complement and foster the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) EU - USA. Russia is only the fourth most important partner in trade in services for the EU. At the same time the European Union remains a key partner in trade in services, as well as in trade in goods for Russia. Concerning this trade economic relations there is a considerable potential for growth for both countries.
The System of GATT/WTO worked rather good for about 50 years producing required trade rules. In XXIc. International trade changed profoundly. But the WTO did not adapt to the changes. The megaregional trade agreements like TPP can provide trade with some modern rules but cannot bring universal solution. It is time to start to consider a system of multi-pillar global trade governance with the WTO as a central pillar. This system will be a new system of Global trade governance.
This publication was prepared for the anniversary of the head of the Department of International and European Law, Doctor of Law, Professor Pavel Biriukov. It contains the materials of the international scientific practical conference “Modern international law: globalization and integration”, held on September 9, 2016 at the Voronezh State University. Authors (lawyers from Russia and foreign countries, colleagues, friends and scholars of P. Biriukov) highlight the problems of modern international law in the light of trends in the universalization and regionalization. All materials are published with a strict compliance with the original files presented by its authors. This publication is addressed to teachers and students of law schools and faculties.
In the last 15 years the reciprocity of regional trade agreements on services has become a global phenomenon. Whereas main provisions regulating access to the services market are fixed by specific obligations under the General Agreement on Trade in Services, RTAs have been considered a flexible means for liberalization and an expedient to protect national service providers. This article explores the role of the GATS and other agreements, both under and not under the mandate of the World Trade Organization, in trade blocs. The econometric model developed by the authors shows that the removal of restrictions for foreign suppliers under domestic regulation (consumer protection, regulation of labor market) and the elimination of discriminatory measures on foreign investments that affect trade in goods are likely to be more important for the expansion of services trade on a preferential basis than the GATS-type liberalization.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.