Информационно-правовой комментарий к поправкам в Конституцию Российской Федерации
The article analyzes the amendments to article 71 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation that came
into force in 2020, in the part which they affect informational relations. Special attention is paid to the introduction of
new informational terms, such as “information technology” and “digital data”, into the constitutional text. Possible ways
of implementing these amendments in the Russian informational legislation, as well as their conceptual infl uence on the development of informational law, are investigated.
Along with general cognition methods (analysis and synthesis), special cognition methods (legal interpretation and
normative search), problem-oriented approach and cognition methods of other fi elds of knowledge (in particular, philology and computer science) were used. There is a continuing contradiction between the constitutional
text and the law on information, which leads to the need to adjust the thesaurus of the latter. The fundamental
importance of the constitutional novel about ensuring the security of the individual, society and the state within the use of information technologies and using of digital data is noted.
These novelles become a start point for the implementation of the concept of personal digital sovereignty in Russian legislation, strengthening the guarantees of respect for the constitutional rights and freedoms of the individual in cyberspace. The ways of development of informational legislation outlined in the article require a thorough scientifi c discussion with the involvement of specialists of information technologies and information security.
The proposed changes in the informational legislation can later serve as a basis for the development of a codifi ed act in the field of informational law.