Number-theoretic internal energy for a gas mixture
For a gas mixture, the new concept of number-theoretic internal energy is introduced. This energy does not depend on the masses of the miscible gases.
In this paper, we construct a new distribution corresponding to a real noble gas as well as the equation of state for it.
The actual tendency of competition between territories stimulated clasterization in high added value industries, including production sector. However cluster influence on region is still not clear. Some reasons for present circumstances could be found in the system of theoretical and methodological contradictions of modern cluster theory. Within the present investigation, basing on author’s model, we conducted cluster theory structuration and described six actual approaches to industrial clustering. Comparative analysis of the approaches mentioned showed that each of them tends to describe a particular aspect of cluster instead of drawing up a balance sheet. On this basis, we suggested a new logically correct approach, which is founded on system and agglomeration concepts combination. Further, the approach mentioned will form theoretical and methodological basis for cluster investigation.
The volume is dedicated to Boris Mirkin on the occasion of his 70th birthday. In addition to his startling PhD results in abstract automata theory, Mirkin’s ground breaking contributions in various fields of decision making and data analysis have marked the fourth quarter of the 20th century and beyond. Mirkin has done pioneering work in group choice, clustering, data mining and knowledge discovery aimed at finding and describing non-trivial or hidden structures—first of all, clusters, orderings, and hierarchies—in multivariate and/or network data.
This volume contains a collection of papers reflecting recent developments rooted in Mirkin's fundamental contribution to the state-of-the-art in group choice, ordering, clustering, data mining, and knowledge discovery. Researchers, students, and software engineers will benefit from new knowledge discovery techniques and application directions.
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The relationship between thermodynamics and economics has been known for a long time. The term ``thermoeconomics'' has even appeared. However, several aspects of the old thermodynamics are unacceptable in economics. For example, experts in thermodynamics believe that the diamond crystal is in the metastable state, and in due time will be transformed into graphite. However, these experts can hardly convince businessmen to part with their ancient diamonds.
The laws of economics require that the old conceptions of thermodynamicsa be mathematically scrutinized and reviewed.
The correspondence principle for quantum statistics, classical statistics and economics which associates the number of particles with the amount of money, the chemical potential with the nominal percentage, the negative pressure with debts, and the law of economic preference allowed to obtain agreement of the general theory of thermoeconomics with the latest experimental data.
The present investigation considers phenomenon of tourism cluster as a theoretical model of region tourism complex administration. Basing on authors’ approach to theoretical analysis, deep investigation of the concept “tourism cluster” was realized. Following the results of the analysis mentioned, we described a number of theoretical approaches to the category of tourism cluster. All the approaches mentioned were presented in two different ways: static and dynamic ones. The dynamic model provided a general view on historical development of the category “tourism cluster” in the scope of economic theory.
Basing on complex analysis results, we created our own “system and agglomeration” approach to the concept of “tourism cluster”. The approach mentioned was structured as follows: authors’ interpretation of the category “tourism cluster”, feature-based table, tourism cluster graphical model, authors’ methodology of tourism cluster identification and complex analysis of this type system.
New methodology was tested on the case of Perm krai.
The set of theoretical and practical innovations suggested in the present research is considered as universal one and it could be used in the practice of other regions administration. The present monograph could be recommended to the specialists working in the sphere of public administration ( specially to those of them who is responsible for tourism policy); to students of university programs related with tourism , economics, public administration and to all of those who are interested in the sphere of special development and tourism development in the Russian Federation.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.