Конкурентоспособность атомной отрасли как фактор глобальной стабильности, противодействия терроризму и опережающего развития российской промышленности
The prospects for the Russian nuclear power are a significant factor in the development of core industries and regions. At the same time, in the context of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the role of nuclear energy is currently characterized by contradictory estimates due to a wide range of economic, environmental and social indicators. In order to identify the prerequisites for the main participants’ actions, the structure of factors that determine the effectiveness of activities in the changing energy market has been analyzed, based on a set of competitiveness management models (Matrix of Core Competencies approach). Based on a statistical assessment of the significance indicators of the factors under consideration, the relationship between the prospects of nuclear power, global stability, countering terrorism, the SDG achievement and the competitiveness indicators of individual national industries was established.
Article is devoted to research of the Belarusian-Russian relations since the end of 2013. The policy of Minsk passed deep evolution for the last year: from perfect allied rhetoric of A. Lukashenko before support of Kiev in the conflict in the southeast of Ukraine and smuggling crisis in the relations between Moscow and Kiev. The political reasons of political evolution of the Belarusian management are considered in this article.
We reviewed the output of research and innovation cooperation between Russia and the US, including publications and patents, in the four prospective areas of energy efficiency and renewable energy during 2007-2011. Joint US-Russia research groups appear to focus primarily on hydrogen energy (fuel cells), followed by solar photovoltaics. The upcoming areas of smart grid and biofuels were left out entirely both from research and innovation collaboration. Russian patents in green energy technologies registered in the US are very low in comparison to those from Japan, Korea, and China.
Paper is focused on pros and cons analysis of the existing approaches to competitiveness measurement. Illustrative example for Russia is shown. New competitiveness indicator is proposed.
Peculiarities of making of managerial decisions in modern business systems, predetermined by observation of the basic principles, are shown: constant monitoring of external environment for determining new possibilities and actual problems and determining the need for managerial decisions; founding on materials of marketing research, conduct of marketing communications for informing and supporting loyalty of interested parties in the process of implementation of decisions; and striving for increasing or at least preserving the uniqueness and effectiveness of business system during decision making (criterion of optimality of decisions).
Quick economic development on India dictates the necessity of its energy base improvement. One could hardly overestimate the importance of so called seven sisters or seven states of North-East India. One of these states is Nagaland (16 579 км2, population -1, 980, 602), the first tribal state of India. There are deposits of gold, uranium, chromium, jade, natural gas and oil. This is the first state in the region having created a special Agency for renewable energy. The article is dedicated to the problems of energy development in the state.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.