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Article

C-Kit Cardiac Progenitor Cell Based Cell Sheet Improves Vascularization and Attenuates Cardiac Remodeling following Myocardial Infarction in Rats

BioMed Research International. 2018. Vol. 2018.
Dergilev K., Tsokolaeva Z., Makarevich P., Beloglazova I., Zubkova E., M. Boldyreva, Ratner E., Dyikanov D., Menshikov M., Parfyonova Y.

The adult heart contains small populations of multipotent cardiac progenitor cells (CPC) that present a convenient and efficient resource for treatment of myocardial infarction. Several clinical studies of direct CPC delivery by injection have already been performed but showed low engraftment rate that limited beneficial effects of procedure. «Cell sheet» technology has been developed to facilitate longer retention of grafted cells and show new directions for cell-based therapy using this strategy. In this study we hypothesized that bPC-based cell sheet transplantation could improve regeneration after myocardial infarction.We demonstrated that c-kit+ CPC were able to formcell sheets on temperature-responsive surfaces. Cell sheet represented a well-organized structure, in which CPC survived, retained ability to proliferate, expressed progenitor cellmarker Gata-4 formed connexin-43+ gap junctions, and were  surrounded by significant amount of extracellular matrix proteins. Transplantation of cell sheets after myocardial
infarction resulted in CPC engraftment as well as their proliferation, migration, and differentiation; cell sheets also stimulated neovascularization and cardiomyocyte proliferation in underlining myocardium and ameliorated left ventricular remodeling. Obtained data strongly supported potential use of CPC sheet transplantation for repair of damaged heart.