Влияние пандемии COVID-19 на дискуссии о реформировании железных дорог в Великобритании
The article examines the background and the preconditions of the Russian railway reform. The reform program is analyzed as well as the practical steps towards its implementation. The reform model is compared with those used in other countries. The main achivements of the reform are discussed (industry capitalization, wagon fleet development, attraction of the private entities) and the main problems are pointed out, principally - lack of actual competition in the industry.
The article is dedicated to the work of S.Yu. Witte by rail. The period of his work in the joint-stock company of the South-Western Railways, his journalistic and expert activity in the railway field at this time is considered. The article provides an overview of Witte’s views on the system of railway freight tariffs formulated in his book Principles of Railway Tariffs for the Carriage of Goods (1883) and analyzed his views on the private and government railway facilities
The Catalogue of Exhibition at the Russian National Pavilion at the Venise Architecutre Biennal is devoted to the exhibition project "Railways" relised within the framework of the Venise Biennal 2018.
This paper studies the innovation strategy of Russian Railways, the biggest transport company in the world. Russian Railways has chosen a strategy of international science, technology and innovation (STI) cooperation outside their own network. This strategy is a novel approach for Russian State-owned enterprises (SOE). Based on the analysis of innovation development program and interviews with managers, the paper studies the company’s experience with the chosen strategy. Thereby, the paper enhances the understanding of innovation processes in major public service companies which are crucial for the socio-economic processes inside and outside national boundaries.
The article reflects the work of archivists on the creation of the exhibition "First in the Urals: to the 140th anniversary of Ural Gornozavodskaya railway line".
Railway reform in Russia aims at opening the room for competition. The paper assesses the impact effect of new tariff structure on internal on-track competition and investigates its’ state at the early stage of reform. It shows that lack of tariff flexibility makes the emerged industry structure unsustainable when vertically integrated state-owned infrastructure company serves the downstream market. This provides strong incentives for the infrastructure owner to establish ‘daughter’ (unregulated) train operating companies in order to prevent cream-skimming by competitive fringe. Thus the industry structure gravitates toward complete vertical separation with access to infrastructure charged likewise Ramsey formula and the final services being unregulated.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.