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‘Foreigners are said to be wise and honest but they teach us false things’: ‘On Military Tactics’ (1700/1701) by Ivan Pososhkov and Western military tradition

Oleg Rusakovskiy.

This article focuses on 'On Military Tactics' (O ratnom povedeni), composed in winter
1700/1701 by Ivan Pososhkov and considered to be one of the first analytical military treatises
written in the Russian language. Pososhkov heavily criticized foreign influences on native warfare,
in particular, the Western infantry tactics and drill introduced by the tsar Peter the Great and
his predecessors and reflected some controversial problems of contemporary military culture.
Despite his declared hostility towards Western methods of warfare, Pososhkov acknowledged
the utility of a 'military science' and read some foreign books on the subject.