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  • К вопросу о грамматическом статусе кратких форм страдательных причастий прошедшего времени в языке западнорусских летописей (в сопоставлении с материалом русских говоров и других славянских языков)

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К вопросу о грамматическом статусе кратких форм страдательных причастий прошедшего времени в языке западнорусских летописей (в сопоставлении с материалом русских говоров и других славянских языков)

Russian Linguistics. 2021. Т. 45. № 2. С. 123-142.
Ермолова М. В.

The paper analyzes the functioning of the short past passive participles in the predicative position in West Russian Chronicles. The main focus is on the participles which are used without an auxiliary in the past tense and denote the past action. For an adequate analysis of these forms, it is necessary to use the material of both the Old Russian language and the Ukrainian, Belorussian and Polish languages. The analyzed forms can be used in the same two functions as in Old Russian: for denoting a resultative or an aoristic action. At the same time, -no-/-to- forms, which are almost grammaticalized and function as impersonal finite forms as in the Ukrainian and Polish languages, were found in the West Russian Chronicles. The emergence of these forms is caused, apparently, by the original ability of the past passive participles to be used without auxiliary in aoristic contexts. The discovery of these functions of the passive participles demonstrates the parallelism in the history of their development with two other participles: -ъš-/-vъš- and l-forms.