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Article

ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННЫЙ ОБРАЗ КАК КОГНИТИВНЫЙ ФЕНОМЕН

The article is an attempt to disclose the terms «image» and «literary image» from the point of view of humanities (linguistics, psychology, cognitive studies, literary studies). It analyses different approaches to defining these terms, aiming at a cognitive definition of «image». The article contains an overview of the analysis of the term in psychology: psychoanalytic approach, the theory of reflection, cognitive psychology. It describes both the semiotic and cognitive features of «image» and the ways of their representation in the literary text of the novel «The Master of Petersburg» by J. Coetzee. An image is viewed as an iconic sign incorporated in the structure of a concept, being an element of its figurative-and-associative layer. As a category of mind it contributes to cognition of reality, creating a specific model of reality which connects concrete perceptible characteristics of an object or phenomenon with the subjectivity of the author’s individual mind. After the exploration of the linguistic and linguistic-cognitive approaches, a literary image is considered as a verbal sign representing the author’s worldview within the literary text. It is highlighted that while interpreting images it is important to pay attention to both the textual representation of the author’s intention and the readers’ perception of them.