Effectuation and causation, firm performance, and the impact of institutions: A multi-country moderation analysis
Entrepreneurs employ various behavioral logics in the venture creation process, including effectuation and causation. Where prior studies suggest that both causal and effectual approaches are positively related to firm performance, the extant literature has not examined how the institutional context influences this relationship. This study explores how country-level institutions moderate the link between causal and effectual behaviors and firm performance. Using survey data collected from a large crosssectional sample of new ventures from 24 countries, the findings indicate that the effectiveness of causation and effectuation logics is influenced by the level of development of regulatory, normative, and cultural-cognitive institutions. The theoretical benefits of better understanding the context of entrepreneurial decision-making are highlighted.
The article focuses on the issues of systemacity in language, the category of causation, functioning of causatives of the informative-modificative class. In this article causation is examined from the perspective of functional approach, suggested by A. Bondarko. A verb of causative semantics is related to a more general class on the basis of its essential properties. In the centre of our attention is a lexical causative of interpersonal semantics which is the core of the functional-semantic field of causation.
The article examines an abstract model of assignment of claims in comparison with causal one. The authors analyze strong and weak points of both systems and come to a conclusion that the abstract system of transfer is preferable.
The Institutions of Gaius is a famous textbook of Roman law (2nd century AD). This publication contains a scientific edition of the Latin text of the monument (editio minor) and a commented translation made by a team of specialists, taking into account the achievements of modern romance. The commentary explains the accepted reconstruction of the original, the selected translation, technical terms, analyzes the historical, philosophical, institutional context of the work.
The article is devoted to non-ordinary cases of causation in criminal law. The author starts with the critical review of general theories and blames them for their ineffectiveness in dealing with specific cases connected with the multiplicity of causes, victim’s condition, intervention of other actors. All these cases are divided into three groups, namely ‘aggregate causality’, ‘atypical causality’ and ‘intervening causality’. With regard to each group there are formulated general rules of imputation of liability based primarily on idea of conditio sine qua non and limitation of liability. The author reveals the interaction between different modes of causation i.e. transformation of ‘aggregate causality’ into ‘intervening causality’. Review of case law allows to formulate clear rules of imputation of liability distilled from philosophical and theoretical overburdened constructs. With regard to various specific types of non-ordinary causation, there are proposed as possible different approaches based either on strict adherence to objective view on causation and limitation of liability as a consequence or on more flexible approach allowing imputation of liability in morally and socially blameworthy cases. Theory and practice of common law and continental law systems are also widely used as a supporting basis for some propositions. The article concludes with proposed general rule. However, this general rule may be subjected to further clarifications and exemptions. The author also urges not to try to elaborate in future the general theory of causation applicable to the whole body of criminal law. Instead it is expected development of special rules much needed in real practice.
This work is devoted to the creation of an information-analytical system for identifying causal relationships between events recorded in the IT infrastructure. The purpose of such a system is to increase the efficiency of support engineers by identifying possible causes of events, thereby reasonably directing the search and investigation of events, incidents and problems. The paper shows the use of templates as a way of primary classification of events, without revealing the semantics / meaning of the event. Extracting templates from raw records is a preprocessing step. For the purpose of extracting templates, a template engine was developed that automates this process. The claimed system is implemented using open, free, well-established tools, such as the Rsyslog logging server and the developed application software - Tabler.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы