Взаимосвязь личностных особенностей и прокрастинации в сфере здоровья
In this study, the analysis of the current state of the problem of the relationship of personal characteristics and indicators of somatic health, as well as the mediation of this relationship procrastination. Within the framework of the biopsychosocial model, the features of behavior and lifestyle are presented as factors influencing health, the relationship of personal characteristics and behavior in the field of health is justified. The contradiction between cognitive and behavioral components of the attitude to health is revealed. The study of procrastination is proposed as one of the possible solutions to the problem of predictors and mechanisms of formation of such a contradiction. At this stage, the study involved 225 people aged 19 to 65 years (M=31.4; SD=9.06), 23 % – men. The measured indicators were: the overall level of procrastination, personality traits, attitude to health and its indicators, the index of delayed treatment. To conduct a comparative analysis, groups of people who lead a healthy lifestyle and those who are not inclined to lead a healthy lifestyle were formed (M=3.58, SD=1.07). As a result of the comparative analysis revealed differences between groups of people with more or less attention to their health (the tendency to lead a healthy lifestyle). People who lead a healthy lifestyle tend to actively cope with the disease: they appreciate their health condition, and in a situation of illness they are more likely to consult a doctor than ignore the deterioration of health. They have a General health indicator associated with extroversion, focus on communication and communication, low anxiety and emotional stability, confidence that their actions depend on the physical condition. Such results can be explained by the fact that, in a sense, procrastination and a healthy lifestyle can be different poles of the same continuum, because health care involves regular and timely implementation of certain actions to maintain their condition, and procrastination - on the contrary, the tendency to postpone these actions. However, we cannot talk about their opposite, because procrastination is a personal disposition, stable and manifested in a wide range of situations, and a healthy lifestyle is behavior, specific actions, including due to personal characteristics. Our results may indicate a binding and mediating role of procrastination.