The relation between complexity and synergy in the case of China: different ways of predicting GDP growth in a complex and adaptive system
The effectiveness of the Triple Helix model of innovations can be evaluated in bits of information using the TH indicator of synergy based on information theory. However synergy, measured in bits of information can’t be straightforwardly interpreted in economic terms. The present paper is an attempt to establish a connection between synergy and other growth relating economic measure, such as complexity indices. The synergy distribution among 31 Chinese territorial districts is compared with corresponding distribution of complexity. The latter are calculated with three different complexity measures and on different datasets. Synergy and complexity show substantial linear relationship with each other. These complexity measures are further tested with their ability to predict future GDP per capita growth using employment, income, and investment data for 31 territorial districts of China and 19 industries. The results of regression analysis suggests that the accuracy of growth forecast can be substantially improved when exploiting links of different origin in bipartite networks in comparison with export oriented approach.
Hi-tech innovative alliances tend to have more key sustainable competitive advantages in comparison with those out of alliance, especially because alliances allow the companies to switch through the partners the financial burdens and intellectual investments in innovations. BRIC make an important input into Gross World Production and its hi-tech industries grow faster than others over developing countries. However companies of these industries still lack internal resources of innovative and technological facilities, e.g. Russian companies, because of that alliances (usually, international anв transnational) acquire more and more popularity. Alliances give the access towards resources and competences of the direct and indirect partners. The paper describes the empirical evidence of alliances efficiency factors and its influence on the high-tech companies of India and China. This evidence can be replicable to some extent and useful to the development of Russian companies. According to the testing results it is possible to assume, that efficiency of alliances has the significant impact on the corporate value in the mid-term. The crisis has significant impact on the observable dependencies.
This article analyzes the unique synergy of creative activity of ETA Hoffmann as a manifestation of deep-rooted allusive relations within the multifaceted world of creative personality. The author shows how the writer compares and combines different kinds of art: the composer's art and creative writing, the pictorial art and the art of speech – and this fusion is by no means arbitrary. The author points out that a creative interpretation of the impact of the arts on the human anticipated many modern trends in psychology (including the psychology of creativity).
We expect economic growth to remain strong in Poland and Latvia in 2016. Despite this robust growth, the new Polish government is likely to soften monetary and fiscal policies to further stimulate the economy, in our view. In 2015, the Latvian economy demonstrated strong resilience to external shocks.
This multi-author monograph has been compiled at the Department of Foreign Languages, Linguistics and Interpretation of Perm National Research Polytechnic University based on the research into modern translation discourse as an anthropocentric and textocentric phenomenon. The scientific inquiry is focused on exploration into the interpretaion process pattern as a synergetic system of interpreting senses of languages and cultures, interacting in the translation space, where the category of harmony is its axiological vector.
The monograph is aimed at students, post-graduates, doctoral students, and those specialized in translation studies, comparative linguistics, language education, and intercultural communication.
What role does the business play in economic growth? What circumstances are necessary for the stable business development? Recent literature focuses on the factors of business environment promoting or constraining firm growth. Using the country aggregate values of the firm-level World Bank Enterprise Survey (WBES) data on the subjective estimates of the business obstacles 128 countries are classified into six clusters. Due to the fact that firms report many obstacles to growth the contributions of 13 obstacles to business environment are recalculated for understanding the major business constraints. Lastly, cross tables analysis finds that there is a correlation between the prevalence of the business obstacles and national income growth, export growth, high-technology export. The results have important implications for the priority of reforms. Corruption, electricity and tax rates are the main business constraints in the world. Moreover, access to finance and competition in the informal sector of economy are also the major obstacles for business in the part of the countries.
We establish a new upper bound for the Kullback-Leibler divergence of two discrete probability distributions which
are close in a sense that typically the ratio of probabilities is nearly one and the number of outliers is small.