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Article

Е.Н. Трубецкой и его спор о теократии с Вл.С. Соловьёвым

Философский журнал. 2021. Т. 14. № 1. С. 84-96.

The paper examines E.N. Trubetskoy’s reception of Vl.S. Solovyov’s theocratic project.In addition, the author establishes the points of convergence and divergence of the twoRussian religious thinkers on the nature and the possible ways of Christian unity. The twophilosophers were close friends and in his texts devoted to Solovyov Trubetskoy repeat-edly emphasized the influence of his friend’s ideas on his own philosophical construc-tions. Nevertheless, Trubetskoy took those ideas critically. To prepare his answer toSolovyov’s arguments Trubetskoy need the years between the time of his master’s thesis“The world outlook of Saint Augustine” until the time of his doctoral dissertation.“Theworld outlook of Vl.S. Solovyov” became one of his fundamental works. Itis inthiswork that Trubetskoy’s key arguments against Solovyov’s “free theocracy” project arepresented. The author shows that despite adopting Solovyov’s views on Christian unityTrubetskoy did not accept the ways by which Solovyov proposed to achieve it. Trubet-skoy argues with the Solovyov of the 1880s, contrasting Solovyov’s ideas of that periodwith his later ideas and emphasizing that Solovyov’s key work on the topic was “War,Progress and the End of World History, Including a Short Tale of the Antichrist”. The pa-per also emphasizes that theocracy becomes one of the principal topics for Trubetskoy.Inthe process of analyzing Solovyov’s project of a “free theocracy” and studying the his-torical context in which the theocratic idea had been formed in the Western tradition Tru-betskoy formulates his principled views on the relationship between the church and thestate and justifies the need for their separation