Особенности вольт-амперной характеристики микродисковых лазеров на основе квантовых ям-точек InGaAs/GaAs
Injection microlasers with an active region based on arrays of InGaAs/GaAs quantum well-dots,
formed by deep etching, have been studied. The manner in which the current–voltage characteristic changes
when the diameter microlaser is reduced shows that a nonelectrically conducting layer with thickness of about
1.5 μm is formed near the side surface, which leads to a decrease in the effective current flow area.
We report on broad-area lasers, mode-locked lasers (MLLs), and superluminescent light-emitting diodes (SLDs) based on a recently developed novel type of nanostructures that we refer to as quantum well-dots (QWDs). The QWDs are intermediate in properties between quantum wells and quantum dots and combine some useful properties of both. 1.08 μm InGaAs/GaAs QWDs broad area edge-emitting lasers based on coupled large optical cavity waveguides show high internal quantum efficiency of 92%, low internal loss of 0.9 cm-1 and material gain of ~1.1∙104 cm-1 per one QWD layer. CW output power of 14.2 W is demonstrated at room temperature. Superluminescent light-emitting diodes with one QWD layer in the active region exhibit stimulated emission spectra centered at 1050 nm with the maximal full width at half maximum of 36 nm and the output power of 17 mW. First results on mode-locked operation in QWD lasers are also presented. 2 mm long two-section devices demonstrate the pulse repetition rate of 19.3 GHz and the pulse duration of 3.5 ps. The width of the radio frequency spectrum is 0.2 MHz.
We analyzed the localized charge dynamics in the system of interacting single-level quantum dots (QDs) coupled to the continuous spectrum states in the presence of Coulomb interaction between electrons within the dots. Different dots geometry and initial charge configurations were considered. The analysis was performed by means of Heisenberg equations for localized electrons pair correlators. We revealed that charge trapping takes place for a wide range of system parameters and we suggested the QDs geometry for experimental observations of this phenomenon. We demonstrated significant suppression of Coulomb correlations with the increasing of QDs number. We found the appearance of several time scales with the strongly different relaxation rates for a wide range of the Coulomb interaction values.
The rate equations are used to analyze the characteristics of a tandem consisting of a laser diode and a semiconductor optical amplifier made of a single heterostructure with quantum dots. The optimal value of the current distribution coefficient the amplifier and the laser, as well as the optimal resonator length that provides the highest output power of the tandem were determined. It is shown that the use of the tandem allows, at the same total consumed current, to significantly (more than 4 times for 1A) increase the power emitted through the groundstate optical transition in comparison with that achievable with a laser diode solely being limited by the onset of lasing through an excited-state optical transition.
Two laser heterostructures with active region based on seven InGaAs quantum wells and on InGaAs/InGaAlAs superlattice were grown on InP substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. Both active regions were designed for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers of 1535- 1565 nm spectral range and had total thickness about 80-90 nm. Characteristics of edgeemitting laser diodes fabricated from grown laser heterostructures were studied and compared.
The problems of creation of a low intensity optical radiation signal standard sources based on the nanosized apertures and semiconductor quantum dots are considered. The use of technology of the focused ionic beam technology for isolation of a single quantum dot is offered suggested.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.