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Article

Взгляды Р.У. Эмерсона на природу исторического познания

Abstract: In his moral philosophy of transcendentalism the American essayist, lecturer and
poet R. W. Emerson (–) reflected the quest of a whole generation of American intellectuals
for a new spirituality in the first half of the th century. Rooted in the heritage
of Protestant faith and culture, like many of his ancestors for two centuries, Emerson received
spiritual training and education and began his ministry as a pastor of one of the oldest
parishes in Boston. However, later, in the course of spiritual and philosophical inquiries, he
Т. , № ] ВЗГЛЯДЫ Р. У. ЭМЕРСОНА НА ПРИРОДУ ИСТОРИЧЕСКОГО ПОЗНАНИЯ 
changed both his worldview and the nature of his creative activity. Emerson evolved from
being a pastor for a local community to a popular lecturer to mass audiences across America’s
cities and states. Considering this change, the paper traces the genesis of R.W. Emerson’s
historical epistemology as it developed from his early writings (sermons and notebooks, including
correspondence) towards his lectures and essays. We start by discussing the interest
of Nietzsche in historical ideas of Emerson, identify the points at which their concepts diverge
in their attitude towards doctrines of Christianity. We immerse Emerson’s perceptions
of history in the context of covenant theology, the meaning of Lord’s Supper and the nature
of Christ as expressed in the opinions of the ministers of Congregational and Unitarian
Churches in Massachusetts. Special attention is paid to Emerson’s concept of history denying
Gospel events as the centre of the world’s history and implying a possibility for an authentic
and credible reenactment of historical events within the subjective experience of an individual.
The analysis involves the essay History, Sermons No.  and No. , the Lectures on the
Gospels and on the Philosophy of History