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Regular version of the site

Article

Magnon spectrum and electron spin resonance in antiferromagnet with large single-ion easy plane anisotropy

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 2021. Vol. 518. P. 167390.
Sherbakov A. S., Oleg I. Utesov.

Motivated by recent experiments on quantum magnet NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2 (DTN) and its Br-doped counterpart DTNX we propose a theoretical description of optical magnon branch in the antiferromagnet with large single-ion
anisotropy in the magnetically ordered phase. In the framework of the 1/S expansion we derive analytical
expressions for optical magnon with \bf{k} = 0 energy magnetic field dependence \Delta(h). It is shown that in the linear spin wave approximation \Delta(h) is monotonic without extrema whereas first order in 1/S corrections makes it
drastically different function with a minimum near the center of magnetically ordered phase. The latter behaviour
was observed in ESR experiments. Moreover, we show that \Delta(h) has nontrivial dependence on the system
parameters. It solves the discrepancy between inelastic neutron scattering data where the growth of interaction
constants in DTNX with small Br concentration was observed and ESR experiments showing almost unchanged
\Delta(h) in comparison with pure DTN.