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Regular version of the site

Article

Переходное правосудие в Колумбии: нереализованный потенциал

The article analyzes the theoretical and practical problems that arise during the construction of the 
Colombian model of transitional justice. The latter is viewed as a combination of judicial and quasi-
judicial means, with the help of which it becomes possible to achieve a peaceful settlement after the 
end of the civil war of 1964–2016. Particular attention is paid to the socio-political context and mass 
sentiments prevailing in Colombian society regarding the legitimacy of transferring the Anglo-Ameri-
can construction of Transitional Justice to Latin America. The so-called “Integrated System of Truth, 
Justice, Reparation and Non-Repetition”, which is a consolidated version of the four main elements of 
transitional justice: criminal prosecution, truth seeking, reparations to the innocent victims and “deal 
with the past”, is being studied in detail. In particular, the author dwells on the issue of amnesties for 
participants in an armed conጀict, the activities of the “truth commission” and compensation pay-
ments to victims of mass violence. In addition, the article examines the activities of the Colombian 
Special Jurisdiction for Peace, the relevant statistical data are provided. The “Santrich case” is men-
tioned as a marker of negative trends that continue to grow in the activities of a new jurisdiction. The 
conclusion is that the legal means of resolving the conጀict are secondary, albeit of absolute impor-
tance, in comparison with political agreements, to which all participants of the process of national 
reconciliation sometimes are not ready organizationally and psychologically.