Knowledge Sharing Barriers in Russian Universities’ Administrative Subdivisions
Thе paper investigates the influence of a set of twelve various nature knowledge sharing barriers (shortly, KSBs) on the knowledge sharing speed and quality in the administrative subdivisions of six leading Russian universities. The respondents have been answering the questionnaire including questions regarding the KSBs’ perceived strength from the knowledge requester and knowledge holder positions, thus creating four models tested via the IBM SPSS Statistics 22 package as linear regression equations. The testing results are showing statistically significant influence of several KSBs on the knowledge sharing speed and quality. The methodology and results of the study have both practical applicability and theoretical value, as administrative subdivisions are considerably unpopular objects of knowledge sharing research in higher educational institutions, in contrast to the research and teaching subdivisions. Several further research development directions are suggested, considering both the sample extension and changes in the research methodology.
This paper discusses the importance of innovation communities for contemporary innovation management. Based on a detailed literature review and corresponding industry examples, this paper suggests that userdriven innovation through tools like virtual communities, communities of practitioners and living labs will be of increased importance for future innovation processes. Of particular importance for integrating dispersed knowledge, such tools also provide very valuable information sources for strategic planning approaches like foresight.
Purpose – Knowledge management (KM) is the process of capturing the value from the knowledge assets and intellectual capital of the organization. Knowledge and effective knowledge management could be a source of competitive advantage. However, due to intangible nature of knowledge resources managers and academics struggle to evaluate the effectiveness of KM systems in organizations.
The main objective of this paper is to understand and describe the specific aspects of KM lifecycle in Russian companies. We aim to answer the following research question: What KM life cycle stages are the most and the least developed in Russian companies?
Design/methodology/approach – We chose a mixed-method research strategy. Qualitative part includes preliminary interviews with KM practitioners. The results of qualitative part helped us to adapt a framework developed by Bukowitz and Williams (1999) to the Russian settings. Quantitative part includes a survey on a sample of 104 executive managers of Russian companies presenting different industries and geographical regions.
Originality/value – The current paper contributes to KM academic theory in three different ways. First, the paper demonstrates state of the art of KM practices implemented in Russian companies and provides specific explanations of the results. Secondly, the authors propose a revised shortened version of a questionnaire for express diagnostic of KM maturity. Finally, special coefficient of KM maturity was developed and evaluated.
Practical implications – The paper demonstrated state of the art of KM implementation in Russian companies, helping managers to identify bottlenecks and areas for further development. Specifically, we suggest that managers of Russian companies pay close attention to the advancing and contributing stage of KM life cycle by fostering knowledge sharing, overcoming barriers, and implementing positions of knowledge analytics and coordinators. Besides, the paper suggests explanations for the identified problems and provides managerial recommendations related to the development of KM strategies in Russian context.
Once we study any subject or theory, it is important to find a suitable field or direction in order to apply our knowledge. By encountering new perspectives, we collect new knowledge and we try to share this knowledge. The knowledge in itself does not give a great benefit. It is not enough to have knowledge from an encyclopedia – it is important to use this knowledge. Only using unique, specific knowledge or Intellectual Capital leads to a competitive advantage. You may have expertise about an object or a process; know how to perform a task or manage a process, however, when you utilize your Intellectual Capital in practice, you compete. In addition, the spheres of use may not be obvious. For example, could conferences be the place where we create new knowledge, form the Intellectual Capital, share and use it? To answer to this question we establish research objective - identify the reasons why people organize the conferences and why other people take part in.
The theoretical base of our paper primarily consists of electronic resources and non-formal discussions with people who take part in conferences and who organize them to understand what the purpose of conferences is. Thus, the methodology of our paper includes literature review dedicated to the issues of organizing the conferences and several short interviews. This is only first step of our research to understand how can we use IC in the conferences. Despite this fact, we reached some interesting outcomes – the most reasons of participation in the conference overlap the reasons of organization of conferences.
Generally, there is a common sense to consider knowledge sharing and creation as two separate processes but a new matter emerges when those processes are intertwining. In this vein, this research aims to discuss on the lens of the open innovation (OI) model how such intertwining generates digital platform-based ecosystem.
This project describes an application for creating ubiquitous hypertext on the Web, which enhances the user experience by allowing clipping and sharing the information. The goal of the application is to annotate text and link it to relevant content, especially from the Linked Open Data community and from the Ontos knowledge base. The paper describes two use cases and highlights the main functionality of the application.
The paper presents two studies aimed at development and validation of a scale of alienation in educational context. The first study using samples of university students (N = 395) and high school students (N = 194) involves structural validation of Subjective Alienation Questionnaire for Students using confirmatory factor analysis. The scales of the questionnaire have shown acceptable internal consistency (α = 0,70−0,92) and predictable associations with measures of subjective and psychological well-being, locus of control, life meaning, generalized self-efficacy, and hardiness. The second study using a sample of university students (N = 152) focused on the associations of alienation, burnout, and academic motivation with learning environment characteristics, well-being, and self-reported academic achievement. According to the resulting model, learning motivation and alienation reflect characteristics of relation of the student to the object of learning, whereas burnout reflects the resulting characteristics of learning process. Burnout was predicted by excessive difficulty of learning tasks, high workload, and alienation. Alienation was predicted by low teacher support, low clarity of learning requirements, and lack of choice in studies. Alienation and burnout mediated the associations of these learning environment characteristics with self-reported academic success and subjective well-being of students.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы