Позиционные свойства русских апеллятивов: формат описания в речевом корпусе
The article suggests a way of modelling the linear position of appellatives in Russian. Under the name «appellatives» are combined the units with similar functions and syntactic properties, namely truncated vocative forms and discursive markers of the type «slushaj» (lit. ‘listen-Imp.2P’). The model assumes distinction between accented and non-accented uses in three positions (initial, middle, final) and takes into account the pauses and some peculiarities of dialogue organization. The position types are the following: (1) «initial isolated», (2) «middle accented», (3) «final accented», (4) «initial cooperated», (5) «middle non-accented» and (6) «final non-accented». The sample from the speech corpus is analyzed. It turned out that the vocatives can be placed in all the listed position types, while discursive marker «slushaj» does not demonstrate reliable uses in positions of the type (2) and (3). For the sequences like slushaj+Voc, nu+Voc, nu+listen etc. the notion of «appellative complex» is introduced. The composition of appellative complexes according to sample data is considered.