Efficient solvability of the weighted vertex coloring problem for some hereditary class of graphs with 5-vertex prohibitions
We consider the problem of minimizing the number of colors in the colorings of the vertices of a given graph so that, to each vertex there is assigned some set of colors whose number is equal to the given weight of the vertex; and adjacent vertices receive disjoint sets. For all hereditary classes defined by a pair of forbidden induced connected subgraphs on 5 vertices but four cases, the computational complexity of the weighted vertex coloring problem with unit weights is known. We prove the polynomial solvability on the sum of the vertex weights for this problem and the intersection of two of the four open cases. We hope that our result will be helpful in resolving the computational complexity of the weighted vertex coloring problem in the above-mentioned forbidden subgraphs.
This article is dedicated to an alternative method of solving of the Chinese Remainder Theorem for polynomials. To construct the solution, a system of linear equations is constructed (using the method of undetermined coefficients) and then solved. The complexity of the proposed method is also calculated.
This two-volume set (CCIS 905 and CCIS 906) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Advances in Computing and Data Sciences, ICACDS 2018, held in Dehradun, India, in April 2018. The 110 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 598 submissions. The papers are centered around topics like advanced computing, data sciences, distributed systems organizing principles, development frameworks and environments, software verification and validation, computational complexity and cryptography, machine learning theory, database theory, probabilistic representations.
It is shown that products and expanding relativized products of propositional modal logics where one component is the minimal monomodal logic K are polynomial-time reducible to their single-variable fragments. Therefore, the nown lower bound complexity and undecidability results for such logics are extended to their single-variable fragments. Similar results are obtained for products where one component is a polymodal logic with a K-style modality; these include products with propositional dynamic logics.
We show that Branching-time temporal logics CTL and CTL*, as well as Alternating-time temporal logics ATL and ATL*, are as semantically expressive in the language with a single propositional variable as they are in the full language, i.e., with an unlimited supply of propositional variables. It follows that satisfiability for CTL, as well as for ATL, with a single variable is EXPTIME-complete, while satisfiability for CTL*, as well as for ATL*, with a single variable is 2EXPTIME-complete,—i.e., for these logics, the satisfiability for formulas with only one variable is as hard as satisfiability for arbitrary formulas.
We investigate the complexity of satisfiability for finite-variable fragments of propositional dynamic logics (PDLs). We consider three formalisms belonging to three representative complexity classes, broadly understood—regular PDL, which is EXPTIME-complete; PDL with intersection, which is 2EXPTIME-complete; and PDL with parallel composition, which is undecidable. We show that, for each of these logics, the complexity of satisfiability remains unchanged even if we only allow as inputs formulas built solely out of propositional constants, i.e. without propositional variables. Moreover, we show that this is a consequence of the richness of the expressive power of variable-free fragments: for all the logics we consider, such fragments are as semantically expressive as entire logics. We conjecture that this is representative of PDL-style, as well as closely related, logics.
Modal logics, both propositional and predicate, have been used in computer science since the late 1970s. One of the most important properties of modal logics of relevance to their applications in computer science is the complexity of their satisﬁability problem. The complexity of satisﬁability for modal logics is rather high: it ranges from NP-complete to undecidable for propositional logics and is undecidable for predicate logics. This has, for a long time, motivated research in drawing the borderline between tractable and intractable fragments of propositional modal logics as well as between decidable and undecidable fragments of predicate modal logics. In the present thesis, we investigate some very natural restrictions on the languages of propositional and predicate modal logics and show that placing those restrictions does not decrease complexity of satisﬁability. For propositional languages, we consider restricting the number of propositional variables allowed in the construction of formulas, while for predicate languages, we consider restricting the number of individual variables as well as the number and arity of predicate letters allowed in the construction of formulas. We develop original techniques, which build on and develop the techniques known from the literature, for proving that satisﬁability for a ﬁnite-variable fragment of a propositional modal logic is as computationally hard as satisﬁability for the logic in the full language and adapt those techniques to predicate modal logics and prove undecidability of fragments of such logics in the language with a ﬁnite number of unary predicate letters as well as restrictions on the number of individual variables. The thesis is based on four articles published or accepted for publication. They concern propositional dynamic logics, propositional branchingand alternating-time temporal logics, propositional logics of symmetric rela tions, and ﬁrst-order predicate modal and intuitionistic logics. In all cases, we identify the “minimal,” with regard to the criteria mentioned above, fragments whose satisﬁability is as computationally hard as satisﬁability for the entire logic.
The 3-coloring problem for a given graph consists in verifying whether it is possible to divide the vertex set of the graph into three subsets of pairwise nonadjacent vertices. A complete complexity classification is known for this problem for the hereditary classes defined by triples of forbidden induced subgraphs, each on at most 5 vertices. In this article, the quadruples of forbidden induced subgraphs is under consideration, each on at most 5 vertices. For all but three corresponding hereditary classes, the computational status of the 3-coloring problem is determined. Considering two of the remaining three classes, we prove their polynomial equivalence and polynomial reducibility to the third class.
We consider certain spaces of functions on the circle, which naturally appear in harmonic analysis, and superposition operators on these spaces. We study the following question: which functions have the property that each their superposition with a homeomorphism of the circle belongs to a given space? We also study the multidimensional case.
We consider the spaces of functions on the m-dimensional torus, whose Fourier transform is p -summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of the exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase. The results generalize to the multidimensional case the one-dimensional results obtained by the author earlier in “Quantitative estimates in the Beurling—Helson theorem”, Sbornik: Mathematics, 201:12 (2010), 1811 – 1836.
We consider the spaces of function on the circle whose Fourier transform is p-summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase.
This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.