The Ep,I-Eiso correlation: type I gamma-ray bursts and the new classification method
We present the most extensive sample of 45 type I (short) and 275 type II (long) gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) with known redshift to investigate the correlation between the rest-frame peak energy, Ep,i and the total isotropic equivalent energy, Eiso of the prompt emission (Amati relation). The Ep,i–Eiso correlation for type I bursts is found to be well distinguished from the one constructed for type II bursts and has a similar power-law index value, Ep,i∝E 0.4iso, which possibly indicates the same emission mechanism of both GRB types. We show that the initial pulse complex (IPC) of type I bursts with an extended emission and regular type I bursts follow the same correlation. We obtain similar results for type II bursts associated with Ic supernovae and for regular type II bursts. Three possible outliers from the Ep,i–Eiso correlation for type II subsample are detected. Significant evolution of the Ep,i–Eiso correlation with redshift for type II bursts is not found. We suggest the new classification method, based on the Ep,i–Eiso correlation and introduce two parameters, EH=Ep,i,2 E −0.4iso,51 and EHD=Ep,i,2 E −0.4iso,51 T −0.590,i, where Ep,i,2 is the value of Ep,i parameter in units of 100 keV, Eiso,51 is the value of Eiso parameter in units of 1051 erg, and T90,i is the rest-frame duration in units of seconds. EHD is found to be the most reliable parameter for the blind type I/type II classification, which can be used to classify GRBs with no redshift.