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Regular version of the site

Article

Topology-Controlled Phase Coherence and Quantum Fluctuations in Superconducting Nanowires

Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism. 2020. Vol. 33. No. 8. P. 2335-2339.
Radkevich A. A., Semenov A. G., Zaikin A.

Superconducting properties of metallic nanowires may strongly depend on specific experimental conditions. Here we consider a setup where superconducting phase fluctuations are restricted at one point inside the wire and equilibrium supercurrent flows along the wire segment of an arbitrary length L. Low-temperature physics of this structure is essentially determined, on one hand, by smooth phase fluctuations and, on the other hand, by quantum phase slips. The zero temperature phase diagram is controlled by the wire cross section and consists of a truly superconducting phase and two different phases where superconductivity can be observed only at shorter length scales. One of the latter phases exhibits more robust short-scale superconductivity whereas another one demonstrates a power-law decay of the supercurrent with increasing L already at relatively short scales.