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Regular version of the site

Article

Новая предпринимательская политика для России после кризиса 2020 года

Вопросы экономики. 2020. № 10. С. 44-67.

Nowadays the unpredictability and nonlinearity of macroeconomic processes
is growing, due to the technological changes, the increasing economic complexity,
and the environmental risks. The development of small and medium enterprises
(SMEs) is considered as one of the tools for adapting to these processes. The
decline in entrepreneurial activity can finally lead to long-term consequences.
Thus, many countries introduce the entrepreneurial support policy. Our review
shows that in the face of weak development of public control institutions, direct
financial measures can lead to new institutional traps. This forms a need for new
and alternative approaches to entrepreneurship policy. The purpose of the paper
is to justify and describe an alternative entrepreneurial policy for developing
countries, based on the concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems. The goals and
principles of the ecosystem approach formulated in the article. They were used
to identify new directions and evaluate existing measures of Russian entrepreneurship
policy: local authorities and business agents are poorly motivated, local
characteristics are not always taken into account, there is a distrust between
contractors, support institutions are not open enough, direct support is mainly
provided. As a result, the role of the sector in the economy is consistently low
and declining. The new approach can become the basis for post-crisis policy in
the context of reducing natural resource rent.