The new sporting Cold War: implications of the Russian doping allegations for international relations and sport
This article examines current state of the new sporting cold war in the world of sports. It provides an examination of the 2014–2018 Russian doping scandal. Political and ideological prerequisites that triggered this scandal are considered, and based on obtained observations, an analysis of possible scenarios in the development of events is made as are recommendations for future progress in ending this unnecessary neo-cold war.
This paper represents analysis of software development patterns, tools and development environments for creating mobile applications, and realization of analytic technologies for data stored in application. The practical part of the work is a brief description of creation cyclist mobile application by the selected methods, confirming the possibility of implementing the tasks set by the customer using the described technologies.
The author, using elements of J. Huizinga’s game concept, proposes to consider sport as a specific phenomenon of modern culture. One of the features of this phenomenon is the duality of relations between sport and violence: on the one hand, sport is intended to limit the violence; on the other hand, it is a means of stimulation and the escalation of violence. Sport allows us to reduce aggression and violence to the form of a game. It is a means of combating inequality, discrimination and intolerance. At the same time modern sport, initially devoid of utilitarian functions, has a significant resource to be used as a means of constituting community and solidarity. Participants and spectators of sports unite around a common idea. They tend to be thinking in polemical categories of "our" ― "their". Modern sport provides a person with an illusion of participating a common affair, so that in the long run sport turns into a quasi-war. However, the politicization of sport, its use as a means of social and political mobilization weakens the potential of sport to minimize violence, as was dreamed by the organizers of the first modern Olympic Games. In this regard, we are faced with the question of the possibility of the return to clean sport ― a question that requires a separate study.
We describe how sport experience influences mental representations of movements and self-instuctions in players of golf, foorball and basketball.
Novel biotechnologies drastically enhance human capacities. However, initial optimism concerning new methods of therapy and body modification gradually gives way to fears that technologies can easily get out of hand and alter human nature in an undesirable way. Philosophers approach bioethical discussion from various assumptions and perspectives: while some of them believe that new technologies enhance and better human beings, others are concerned those technological innovations can be perilous. This paper overviews the discussion between utilitarians and bioconservatives on the extent to which human enhancement technologies should be permitted. I suggest an alternative communitarian approach to consider human beings primarily as members of political communities and recognition-seekers. I take the debate on doping legalization in sports to demonstrate how communitarianism doesn’t reject new technologies and still argues for making them work for preservation and flourishing of human communities. All major decisions on regulating biotechnologies should be made by communities themselves in a democratic way and drawing on bioethical expertise.
Modern sport is a key space for the construction of identity, belonging and community; a place where meaning-making is performed, shaped and embedded. The volume aims to develop new critical awareness of the social, political and economic features of sport spaces – especially, the role of sport as a distinctly spatialized expression of physical culture within everyday life. Modern sport is understood as a phenomenon existent amongst an array of other cultural practices and social spaces. The critical explorations therefore reflect the scope and multiplicity modern sport – with analyses focusing on the role of spaces and place in soccer cultures, infrastructure design, mega-events, digital technologies, sports tourism and leisure activities, and other topics. What emerges is the purposeful coalescence of academic disciplines, opening new intellectual spaces for dialogue and exchange. The interdisciplinary scope thus provides insight into the deep and multifaceted nexuses between sport places and spaces and the environments in which they reside
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.