Равенство прав vs равенство возможностей в сфере высшего образования
The article analyzes the existing differentiation in the consumption of benefits in higher education. It is substantiated that there is a deep differentiation of access to higher education in the areas of training depending on the income of families. The high level of science and computer science training and the ability of families to pay for tutors give applicants a better chance of studying at the expense of budget funds compared to applicants from low-income families. Education in the creative professions and design sector directly depends on the income level of families and develops extremely unevenly, both in the regions of Russia and in the areas of training. The current conditions of the coronavirus pandemic and the impending economic crisis have exacerbated the problem of access to higher education for low-income families to the limit. The integration of financial instruments that provide direct support to both educational institutions and students and their families at the expense of budgets could be a promising model for maintaining the accessibility of higher education for applicants from low-income families. Personalized funding allows students to participate in the possession of some of the “guardian benefits” through educational budget certificates.