Представления пенитенциарных психологов об особенностях межличностного контакта с несовершеннолетним осужденным
Over the past ten years the development of scientific school “Phenomenology of personality development and existence” of V. S. Mukhina had been analyzed from a perspective of disciples. Describes the major milestones of scientific and teaching profession, the profession of a writer and social activity of V. S. Mukhina as a founder and leader of scientific school. Declare the personal-biographical attitude of disciple to his teacher.
The monograph describes the formation and development of the competence approach in foreign scientific schools, reveals the essential characteristics of the concepts of " competence "and" competence. The author analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the approaches chosen by representatives of various schools to determine the criteria and methods for diagnosing the competence of specialists. Approaches to the classification of competencies/competencies are described. Among the indicated varieties, the importance of personal competence of specialists is emphasized. Taking into account the specifics of the activities of the Department of Internal Affairs, the content and structural components of the personal competence of police officers are determined. The article substantiates the methodology and describes the structural and functional characteristics of the concept of psychological support for the formation of personal competence of cadets of educational organizations of higher professional education of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. It is intended for employees of the departments of moral and psychological support for the activities of internal affairs bodies, faculty members, adjuncts and students of educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
The paper highlights the issues of legal regulation of the activities of special educational institutions and categories of students. The authors pay special attention to the analysis of emotional and personal problems of pupils of these institutions. The signs indicating the presence of a criminal subculture among minors are considered. Recommendations are presented to teachers-psychologists and social educators who work with students who have psychological problems.
Psychological support of research activities in Russia has more than 20-year history. There are established methods of diagnosis, corrective forms of work and much more. Separate this form of work as “express counseling”. In its implementation, the BASE methodology is effective and has ample opportunities.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.