Phase transitions effect on interaction of aluminum alloys at velocities exceeding 9 km/s
The authors investigate aluminum shaped charge jet (SCJ) penetration into an aluminum alloy target at 8–11 km/s velocities. The analysis of kinetics, penetration parameters and structures of cavern surfaces formed after the penetration show that at velocities exceeding 9–11 km/s, the hydrodynamic character of the penetration changes due to the melting of the interacting materials. When during the penetration process SCJ velocity exceed 9 km/s, porous layer of aluminum nanospheres with 20–100 nm in diameter form in the penetration region. The results obtained are appropriate for developing spacecraft shield protections against most dangerous space fragments.