Прозрачность цепи поставок: терминологические аспекты и ценность для контрагентов цепи
In recent years, the number of articles and studies about digital supply chain management (Digital SCM) has increased. It is associated with the development of digital technologies that transforms business processes in supply chains, and new area of economic activity - the digital economy.
The aim of this work is a comprehensive study and description of the main trends, characteristics, practices, benefits and future possibilities in the development of Digital supply chain management. The method of the paper is the theoretical analysis of the works on logistics and supply chain management as well as analytical articles and reviews on the use of digital technologies in the SCM and their impact on logistics processes and the effectiveness of the management of supply chains. To illustrate the effectiveness and future possibilities of applying Digital supply chain management, the study will also present practical examples of implementation and use of various digital technologies: Big Data, IoT (Internet of Things), Cloud services, etc.
The digital supply chain management meets modern trends of business development and information technology, which will allow companies to gain new competitive advantages (cost, service and order fulfillment time). The application of these solutions increases the level of cooperation and transparency (visibility) in the supply chain. It creates a base on which modern logistics technologies and strategies such as CPFR, S&OP, EDI, ECR, JIT, QR or VMI can be implemented and additional benefits for the effective management and development of supply chains can be created.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management