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## Higher-rank isomonodromic deformations and W-algebras

Letters in Mathematical Physics. 2020. Vol. 110. No. 2. P. 327-364.

Gavrylenko P., Iorgov N., Lisovyy O.

We construct the general solution of a class of Fuchsian systems of rank N as well as the associated isomonodromic tau functions in terms of semi-degenerate conformal blocks of WN-algebra with central charge c = N − 1. The simplest example is given by the tau function of the FujiSuzuki-Tsuda system, expressed as a Fourier transform of the 4-point conformal block with respect to intermediate weight. Along the way, we generalize the result of Bowcock and Watts on the minimal set of matrix elements of vertex operators of the WN-algebra for generic central charge and prove several properties of semi-degenerate vertex operators and conformal blocks for c = N − 1.

Bershtein M., Gavrylenko P., Marshakov A., Journal of High Energy Physics 2018 Vol. 08 No. 108 P. 1-54

We study the twist-field representations of W-algebras and generalize construction of the corresponding vertex operators to D- and B-series. It is shown, how the computation of characters of these representations leads to nontrivial identities involving lattice theta-functions. We also propose a way to calculate their exact conformal blocks, expressing them for D-series in terms of ...

Added: September 11, 2018

Bershtein M., Gavrylenko P., Marshakov A., / arXiv.org. Series arXiv.org "hep-th". 2017. No. 1705.00957.

We study twist-field representations of the W-algebras and generalize the construction of the corresponding vertex operators to D- and B-series. We demonstrate how the computation of characters of such representations leads to the nontrivial identities involving lattice theta-functions. We propose a construction of their exact conformal blocks, which for D-series express them in terms of ...

Added: May 4, 2017

Geiko R., Belavin V., / Cornell. Series 1705.10950 "hep-th". 2017.

We continue to investigate the dual description of the Virasoro conformal blocks
arising in the framework of the classical limit of the AdS 3 /CFT 2 correspondence. To give such
an interpretation in previous studies, certain restrictions were necessary. Our goal here is to
consider a more general situation available through the worldline approximation to the dual
AdS gravity. ...

Added: June 3, 2017

Gavrylenko P., Lisovyy O., Communications in Mathematical Physics 2018 Vol. 363 No. 1 P. 1-58

We derive Fredholm determinant representation for isomonodromic tau functions of Fuchsian systems with n regular singular points on the Riemann sphere and generic monodromy in GL (N,ℂ). The corresponding operator acts in the direct sum of N (n − 3) copies of L2 (S1). Its kernel has a block integrable form and is expressed in ...

Added: September 12, 2018

Cafasso M., Gavrylenko P., Lisovyy O., Communications in Mathematical Physics 2019 Vol. 365 No. 2 P. 741-772

We define a tau function for a generic Riemann–Hilbert problem posed on a union of non-intersecting smooth closed curves with jump matrices analytic in their neighborhood. The tau function depends on parameters of the jumps and is expressed as the Fredholm determinant of an integral operator with block integrable kernel constructed in terms of elementary ...

Added: September 12, 2018

Gavrylenko P., Iorgov N., Lisovyy O., Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA) 2018 Vol. 14 P. 1-27

We derive Fredholm determinant and series representation of the tau function of the Fuji-Suzuki-Tsuda system and its multivariate extension, thereby generalizing to higher rank the results obtained for Painlevé VI and the Garnier system. A special case of our construction gives a higher rank analog of the continuous hypergeometric kernel of Borodin and Olshanski. We also ...

Added: November 22, 2018

Gavrylenko P., Marshakov A., Journal of High Energy Physics 2014 No. 5 P. 97

We study the extended prepotentials for the S-duality class of quiver gauge theories, considering them as quasiclassical tau-functions, depending on gauge theory condensates and bare couplings. The residue formulas for the third derivatives of extended prepotentials are proven, which lead to effective way of their computation, as expansion in the weak-coupling regime. We discuss also ...

Added: October 20, 2014

Bershtein M., Feigin B. L., Merzon G., Selecta Mathematica, New Series 2018 Vol. 24 No. 1 P. 21-62

We study plane partitions satisfying condition a_{n+1,m+1}=0 (this condition is called “pit”) and asymptotic conditions along three coordinate axes. We find the formulas for generating function of such plane partitions. Such plane partitions label the basis vectors in certain representations of quantum toroidal gl1 algebra, therefore our formulas can be interpreted as the characters of ...

Added: October 24, 2018

Glutsyuk A., Bibilo Y., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2021. No. 2011.07839.

We study family of dynamical systems on 2-torus modeling over-damped Josephson junction in superconductivity. It depends on three parameters (B,A;ω): B (abscissa), A(ordinate), ω (a fixed frequency).We study the rotation numberρ(B,A;ω) as a function of (B,A) withfixedω. Aphase-lock areais the level set Lr:={ρ=r}, if it has an on-empty interior. This holds for r∈Z (a result ...

Added: November 26, 2020

Alkalaev K. B., Geiko R., Rappoport V. B., Journal of High Energy Physics 2017 P. 1-21

We study four types of one-point torus blocks arising in the large central charge regime. There are the global block, the light block, the heavy-light block, and the linearized classical block, according to different regimes of conformal dimensions. It is shown that the blocks are not independent being connected to each other by various links. ...

Added: April 17, 2017

Gavrylenko P., Lisovyy O., / arXiv.org. Series arXiv.org "math-ph". 2017. No. 1705.01869.

We show that the dual partition function of the pure $\mathcal N=2$ $SU(2)$ gauge theory in the self-dual $\Omega$-background (a) is given by Fredholm determinant of a generalized Bessel kernel and (b) coincides with the tau function associated to the general solution of the Painlev\'e III equation of type $D_8$ (radial sine-Gordon equation). In particular, ...

Added: May 5, 2017

Iorgov N., Lisovyy O., Tykhyy Y. et al., Constructive Approximation 2014 Vol. 39 No. 1 P. 255-272

We outline recent developments relating Painlev ́e equations and 2D conformal field theory. Generic tau functions of Painlev ́e VI and Painlev ́e III_3 are written as linear combinations of c= 1 conformal blocks and their irregular limits. This provides explicit combinatorial series representations of the tau functions, and helps to establish connection formula for ...

Added: August 14, 2015

Takebe T., International Journal of Modern Physics A 2004 Vol. 19, May suppl. P. 418-435

Trigonometric degeneration of the Baxter-Belavin elliptic r matrix is described by the degeneration of the twisted WZW model on elliptic curves. The spaces of conformal blocks and conformal coinvariants of the degenerate model are factorised into those of the orbifold WZW model. ...

Added: August 14, 2014

Arakawa T., Kuwabara T., Fedor M., Communications in Mathematical Physics 2014 P. 1-40

We introduce the notion of an asymptotic algebra of chiral differential operators. We then construct, via a chiral Hamiltonian reduction, one such algebra over a resolution of the intersection of the Slodowy slice with the nilpotent cone. We compute the space of global sections of this algebra, thereby proving a localization theorem for affine W-algebras ...

Added: December 10, 2014

Bershtein M., Алексеев О. В., Теоретическая и математическая физика 2010 Т. 164 № 1 С. 119-140

We consider the M(2,3) Minimal Liouville gravity, whose states in the gravity sector are represented by irreducible modules of the Virasoro algebra. We present a recursive construction for BRST cohomology classes. This construction is based on using an explicit form of singular vectors in irreducible modules of the Virasoro algebra. We construct an algebra of ...

Added: October 23, 2014

Bershtein M., Tarnopolsky G. M., Belavin A. A., JETP Letters 2011 Vol. 93 No. 2 P. 51-55

The one-matrix model is considered. The generating function of the correlation numbers is defined in such a way that this function coincide with the generating function of the Liouville gravity. Using the Kontsevich theorem we explain that this generating function is an analytic continuation of the generating function of the Topological gravity. We check the ...

Added: October 23, 2014

Gavrylenko P., Lisovyy O., / Cornell University. Series math-ph "arXiv". 2016. No. 1608.00958.

We derive Fredholm determinant representation for isomonodromic tau functions of Fuchsian systems with n regular singular points on the Riemann sphere and generic monodromy in GL(N,ℂ). The corresponding operator acts in the direct sum of N(n−3) copies of L2(S1). Its kernel has a block integrable form and is expressed in terms of fundamental solutions of ...

Added: September 20, 2016

Bershtein M., Gonin R., Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA) 2020 Vol. 16 P. 077

We study certain representations of quantum toroidal gl1 algebra for q=t. We construct explicit bosonization of the Fock modules F^{(n′,n)}_u with nontrivial slope n′/n. As a vector space, it is naturally identified with the basic level 1 representation of affine gln. We also study twisted W-algebras of sln acting on these Fock modules.As an application, ...

Added: October 31, 2020

Losev A. S., Rosly A. A., Polubin I., Journal of High Energy Physics 2018 No. 41 P. 1-15

We compute the ultraviolet divergences in the self-dual Yang-Mills theory, both in the purely perturbative (zero instanton charge) and topologically non-trivial sectors. It is shown in particular that the instanton measure is precisely the same as the one-loop result in the standard Yang-Mills theory. ...

Added: March 28, 2018

Feigin B. L., Jimbo M., Mukhin E., Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 2017 Vol. 50 No. 46 Article 464001

We identify the Taylor coefficients of the transfer matrices corresponding to quantum toroidal algebras with the elliptic local and non-local integrals of motion introduced by Kojima, Shiraishi, Watanabe, and one of the authors.
That allows us to prove the Litvinov conjectures on the Intermediate Long Wave model.
We also discuss the (gl(m),gl(n)) duality of XXZ models in ...

Added: November 5, 2020

Two-dimensional abelian BF theory in Lorenz gauge as a twisted N = (2,2) superconformal field theory

Losev A. S., Mnev P., Youmans D., Journal of Geometry and Physics 2018 Vol. 131 P. 122-137

We study the two-dimensional topological abelian BF theory in the Lorenz gauge and, surprisingly, we find that the gauged-fixed theory is a free type B twisted N = (2, 2) superconformal theory with odd linear target space, with the ghost field c being the pullback of the linear holomorphic coordinate on the target. The Q(BRST) ...

Added: October 5, 2018

Poberezhny V. A., / ИТЭФ. Series "Препринты ИТЭФ". 2014. No. 50.14.

We prove that any non-resonant Fuchsian system with commutative monodromy is in fact a commutative system, that is a system with commuting residues. For logarithmic connection that Fuchsian system presents that implies the triviality of its isomonodromic deformations. ...

Added: March 26, 2015

Poberezhny V. A., / ИТЭФ. Series "Препринты ИТЭФ". 2012. No. 57/12.

In this work we investigate the action of generalized Schlesinger transformation on the isomonodromic families of meromorphic connections on the linear bundles of rank two and degree zero over an elliptic curve. The main interest is the action of the gauge transformation on the moduli space of vector bundles. the central result is the explicit ...

Added: March 31, 2014

Gavrylenko P., Santachiara R., Journal of High Energy Physics 2019 Vol. 2019 No. 11 P. 1-36

We present an approach that gives rigorous construction of a class of crossing invariant functions in c = 1 CFTs from the weakly invariant distributions on the moduli space \( {\mathcal{M}}_{0,4}^{\mathrm{SL}\left(s,\mathbb{C}\right)} \) of SL(2, ℂ) flat connections on the sphere with four punctures. By using this approach we show how to obtain correlation functions in the Ashkin-Teller and the Runkel- ...

Added: May 14, 2020