We consider $d$-fold branch covering of the real projective plane $RP^2$ and show that the hypergeometric tau function of the BKP hierarchy of Kac and van de Leur is the generating function for weighted sums of the related Hurwitz numbers. In paticular we get the $RP^2$ analogue of the both $CP^1$ generating functions proposed by A.Okounkov and by Goulden-Jackson. Other examples are Hurwitz numbers weighted by Hall-Littlewood and by Macdonald polynomials. We also consider integrals of tau functions which generate projective Hurwitz numbers.
We study the conformal vertex algebras which naturally arise in relation to the Nakajima–Yoshioka blow-up equations.
We study degenerations of Bethe subalgebras B(C) in the Yangian Y(gln), where C is a regular diagonal matrix. We show that closure of the parameter space of the family of Bethe subalgebras, which parameterizes all possible degenerations, is the Deligne–Mumford moduli space of stable rational curves M0,n+2¯. All subalgebras corresponding to the points of M0,n+2¯are free and maximal commutative. We describe explicitly the “simplest” degenerations and show that every degeneration is the composition of the simplest ones. The Deligne–Mumford spaceM0,n+2¯ generalizes to other root systems as some De Concini–Procesi resolution of some toric variety. We state a conjecture generalizing our results to Bethe subalgebras in the Yangian of arbitrary simple Lie algebra in terms of this De Concini–Procesi resolution.
We study the cohomology of the hairy graph complexes which compute the rational homotopy of embedding spaces, generalizing the Vassiliev invariants of knot theory. We provide spectral sequences converging to zero whose first pages contain the hairy graph cohomology. Our results yield a way to construct many nonzero hairy graph cohomology classes out of (known) non-hairy classes by studying the cancellations in those sequences. This provide a first glimpse at the tentative global structure of the hairy graph cohomology.
We define the second canonical forms for the generating matrices of the Reflection Equation algebras and the braided Yangians, associated with all even skewinvertible involutive and Hecke symmetries. By using the Cayley–Hamilton identities for these matrices, we show that they are similar to their canonical forms in the sense of Chervov and Talalaev (J Math Sci (NY) 158:904–911, 2008).
We use the Whittaker vectors and the Drinfeld Casimir element to show that eigenfunctions of the difference Toda Hamiltonian can be expressed via fermionic formulas. Motivated by the combinatorics of the fermionic formulas we use the representation theory of the quantum groups to prove a number of identities for the coefficients of the eigenfunctions.
Inversion symmetry is a very non-trivial discrete symmetry of Frobenius manifolds. It was obtained by Dubrovin from one of the elementary Schlesinger transformations of a special ODE associated to a Frobenius manifold. In this paper, we review the Givental group action on Frobenius manifolds in terms of Feynman graphs and obtain an interpretation of the inversion symmetry in terms of the action of the Givental group. We also consider the implication of this interpretation of the inversion symmetry for the Schlesinger transformations and for the Hamiltonians of the associated principle hierarch
Motivated by the obstruction to the deformation quantization of Poisson structures in infinitedimensions, we introduce the notion of a quantizable odd Lie bialgebra. The main result of the paper is a construction of the highly non-trivial minimal resolution of the properad governing such Lie bialgebras, and its link with the theory of so-called quantizable Poisson structures.
Gamayun, Iorgov and Lisovyy in 2012 proposed that tau function of the Painlevé equation is equal to the series of 𝑐=1 Virasoro conformal blocks. We study similar series of 𝑐=−2 conformal blocks and relate it to Painlevé theory. The arguments are based on Nakajima–Yoshioka blowup relations on Nekrasov partition functions. We also study series of q-deformed 𝑐=−2 conformal blocks and relate it to q-Painlevé equation. As an application, we prove formula for the tau function of q-Painlevé 𝐴(1)′7 equation.
Adler, Shiota and van Moerbeke observed that a tau function of the Pfaff lattice is a square root of a tau function of the Toda lattice hierarchy of Ueno and Takasaki. In this paper, we give a representation theoretical explanation for this phenomenon. We consider 2-BKP and two-component 2-KP tau functions. We shall show that a square of a BKP tau function is equal to a certain two-component KP tau function and a square of a 2-BKP tau function is equal to a certain two-component 2-KP tau function. © 2015 The Author(s)
We construct the Q-operator for generalised eight vertex models associated to higher spin representations of the Sklyanin algebra, following Baxter's 1973 paper. As an application, we prove the sum rule for the Bethe roots.
Q-operators for generalised eight vertex models associated with higher spin representation of the Sklyanin algbra are constructed by Baxter's first method and Fabricius's method, when the anisotropy parameter is rational.