Drivers for adoption of sustainability initiatives in supply chains of large Russian firms under environmental uncertainty
In reaction to the environmental challenge, many firms are looking for the ways how to integrate sustainability into their operations, business models and strategies. Very often sustainable initiatives go beyond the boundaries of a focal firm engaging a wide variety of partners within the supply chain. In conditions of countries with institutional deficiencies and voids such as emerging economies, the task of sustainability integration is challenging as many critical conditions needed for sustainability development are missing. To understand how firms can integrate sustainability initiatives in their supply chains under the conditions of environmental uncertainty, this paper aims to investigate firm-level and supply chain drivers that stimulate sustainability implementation in Russian firms.
The article focuses on examination of the innovativeness as a factor which determines to a considerable degree the success of internationalisation in the educational sphere. It considers different approaches to the definition of concepts "innovation" and "innovativeness". Levels and kinds of the innovativeness are analyzed.
The paper differentiates the main reasons of entrepreneurial motivation to start-up, and what supports ability to innovate among entrepreneurs in the Netherlands and Russia.
Supply Chain Management in modern conditions requires close integration of business processes of transport companies and information technology. We know that today there are a large number of applications and information systems for the automation of logistics activities. Currently there is no complete and consistent classification of software products of the Transportation Management System (TMS). Their diversity is relevant in the context of the fourth industrial revolution ("Industry 4.0"). It's difficult to navigate existing and emerging information systems and choose the most appropriate. The most important class TMS products are designed to plan, organize, and account for the operation of the vehicle fleet. However, their practical use is often ineffective for several reasons. One of the common problems in the implementation of the information system is the lack of or inadequate investigation of all operating activities of the enterprise and its strategic position in the market, the analysis of information flows, evaluation of employees of business roles, mechanism of decision-making. The reason for this is the lack of logistics management competencies in the field of information technology, and on the other hand, often poor understanding of IT-managers of the transport processes. Therefore, a practical approach synchronization strategic goals, objectives, business processes, supply chain management with business logic implemented information system. The paper discusses the use of proper Zachman enterprise architecture framework as this approach. This proper framework is simple enough to understand, and is known for a long time in the IT industry. Therefore, its use in the development of the information supply chain management system in practice, it seems appropriate for small and medium-sized freight enterprises. It is known that the business processes of all transport companies in general are often very similar. However, in practice often requires a flexible adaptation of the information system for each of them.
It is gratifying to note that the agenda of the Conference covers a wide range of very interesting topics relating to the operations and supply chain management, especially those directly related to Global Connectivity. In addition to the Rail Transportation and Healthcare Logistics areas mentioned earlier, we have organized special sessions in Apparel Supply chains and corporate social responsibility, Big Data in SCM, and Food Supply and Distribution as well.
Nowadays it has become obvious for the scientists all over the world that an indispensable condition of economic growth and prosperity of the country is transition of economy to an innovative phase of development. Ability to innovations in general and to innovations of a certain type is a property of the men’s mentality, their cultural specifics. Distinctions in abilities of the different nations to innovations depend on the nature of culture and on the cultural environment in which the person is socialized
It gives us great pleasure to welcome you on the 17th edition of the International Conference on Harbor, Maritime & Multimodal Logistics Modeling and Simulation (HMS 2015) part of the 12th International Multidisciplinary Modeling and Simulation Multiconference (I3M). HMS 2015 upholds a long tradition started in 1999 in the field of simulation and computer technologies applied to logistics, supply chain management, multimodal transportation, maritime environment and industrial logistics. As time goes by, HMS looks at the future of science and practice seeking to capture new and emerging development trends but not only. As challenges are put forward by the fast changing social, technical and economic situation, a great effort has been done to set up an advanced scientific program with lots of talks, seminars, research presentations and discussions. Valuable research experiences need to be shared for developing new knowledge and generating new groundbreaking ideas. This is, in essence, the inner meaning that HMS nurtures. Therefore HMS gives a not‐to‐be‐missed chance of networking among colleagues to set up new relations and strengthening long‐established ties on joint research interests. It’s our firm determination that HMS 2015, as indeed past and future editions, could end with some strong take‐home messages rewarding merits and scientific excellence. To this end, HMS provides the Authors of the best papers with the opportunity to extend their works for publication in International Journals Special Issues.
Small businesses created as a way of subsisting are very important in Latin America in alleviating extreme poverty. These businesses possibly need to innovate to compete. Innovativeness is strongly linked with intellectual capital, but the limitations of subsistence small businesses weaken this link. In particular, human capital possibly affects innovativeness, but the effect can be mediated or moderated by other components of intellectual capital. This paper uses partial least squares to study the impact of the different dimensions of intellectual capital on innovativeness as a dynamic capability in small businesses in the timber industry in an area of Latin America, and, in particular, the mediation effect among them. The results show that human capital generates relational capital. The relational capital needs structural capital to improve the innovativeness of subsistence small businesses.
The paper is focused on the problem of human creativity within the process of innovation. The most important determinants of the efficacy of different stages of the innovative process are analyzed, as well as their associations. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of process and outcome properties of group creative activity, which involves new idea production, as well as idea improvement and practical implementation. Empirical studies of productive thinking at different stages of the innovative process are described.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management