Brother Journalist: Tom Wolfe and the Serapions
Brother Journalist: Tom Wolfe and the Serapions
This paper’s purpose is to analyze a peculiar case of a creative appropriation made possible by a combination of coincidences, readings, and misconceptions during the time Tom Wolfe (1930—2018), future bestselling author, reformer of American journalism, and controversial public intellectual, spent at Yale as a graduate student in the 1950s. He repeatedly confessed to having been influenced by “the Serapion Brothers”; according to him, they were experimental, avant-garde Soviet writers, heirs to French Symbolism, who wrote about the Russian Revolution in a highly unconventional manner. Critics seem to have taken Wolfe’s statements at face value; the far-reaching influence was noted but never looked into.
This influence seems to have stemmed from a source misacknowledged by Wolfe himself (his “Serapions” were, in fact, imagined by him), making his authoritative work resonate with the Russian Modernist tradition and informing his “realistic” theory of New Journalism. Wolfe’s realism is dominated by aesthetic and differs in the way of engaging the reader’s subjectivity from a European tradition that he evokes. It relies on what John C. Hartsock called “the aesthetics of experience”; its effectiveness depends on its artfulness.
The significance of rational dialogue between believers and secular citizens, which has been offered by J. Habermas, becomes unquestioned because of increase of religion’s activeness in the public sphere. But “postmetaphysical” solution of this problem has been criticized by B. Trainor, D. Uzlaner and other researchers. The paper deals with the strategies of philosophizing, which let to interpret the metaphysics as the discovery of some structures of understanding. This way can avoid some quasi-scientific ambitions of postsecular philosophy as well as the ethical and epistemological relativism.
The Realist interpretation of 'War and Peace' - articulated by Martin Wight and Stanley Hoffmann - is based on Tolstoy's understanding of history as it is elaborated in his account of the Napoleonic invasion in the second epilogue of the book. There Tolstoy puts forward a mechanistic view of international relations which are assumed to be governed by inexorable laws of history determining human behaviour and limiting man's exercise of free will. However, Tolstoy's subjection of man to the workings of impenetrable laws of history in the second epilogue is at variance with a multiplicity of conscious moral choices that his three main characters - Nikolay Rostov, Andrey Bolkonsky and Pierre Bezukhov - make throughout the book. It is argued that the different treatment of the freedom vs. necessity problem in the fictional and historical narrative can only be understood contextually, i.e. from within Tolstoy' rejection of the Enlightenment tradition of scientific and moral inquiry.
This paper deals with L. Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language. Author examines the legitimacy of Wittgenstein’s ideas for contemporary pragmatism and references for his philosophy in H. Putnam’s late works. The seeming contradictions between the theories of two philosophers are demonstrated. Nevertheless, it is argued that Wittgenstein’s epistemology and ontology has intellectual relevance for Putnam’s project. The late concepts worked out in «Philosophical Investigations» are the key ones for interpretation of realism in Putnam’s way.
Realism is making a comeback in Europe. This book brings together a new generation of realist scholars. It provides a rigorous survey for specialists seeking to understand the dynamics of international relations in a time of change. The volume thus seeks to explore the European dimension to neoclassical realism. The hope with this book is that it will spark a debate that, in time, might lead to the re-emergence of a distinctly European realist school which draws on the roots of the historical, non-American realist tradition, benefiting from insights in the liberal-constructivist paradigm. Through detailed case studies, the book illustrates that power and influence remain fruitful, even indispensable variables through which to understand the formation of foreign policy.
This comparative study shows how the revival of geopolitics came not despite, but because of, the end of the Cold War. Disoriented in their self-understandings and conception of external role by the events of 1989, many European foreign policy actors used the determinism of geopolitical thought to find their place in world politics quickly. The book develops a constructivist methodology to study causal mechanisms, and its comparative approach allows for a broad assessment of some of the fundamental dynamics of European security.
The paper is devoted to the problem of rehabilitation of metaphysics in the contemporary analytic philosophy. It traces the connection of analytic metaphysics with Aristotelian and Kantian approaches to this subject; it also marks its main features and demonstrates a new understanding of realism in analytic philosophy.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.