Socio-economic inequalities in modern Russia and their perception by the population
This paper focuses on the objective situation regarding inequalities and their subjective perception by the population in Russia in recent years. It is shown that socio-economic inequalities are currently perceived by the population as excessive and illegitimate, and the gap between expectations and social reality has led to growing requests for “leveling” being made to the state. This analysis of the perception of social inequalities is carried out against a background of the objective situation with inequalities that is characterized by the equalization of incomes in the middle layer of society and simultaneously by the growing gap between the top and the rest of the population. Key challenges and crossroads that the state faces in terms of developing socio-economic policies aimed at reducing inequalities are identified.
Violence constitutes one of the threats for civilization. Since the monopoly on violence still belongs to the state, the core of the problem is theexcessive violence of the state. The violence of the state has two sides - the violence towards the citizens of the state and the violence towards the other states. These two sides of the problem are usually treated separately. The author of the article approaches them in conjunction. The purpose of the article is to highlight the possible normative approach to the violence-free society.
More than 40% of the inhabitants of the planet live in the BRICS countries, and one fifth of the world’s wealth is generated from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. What is also important to consider, when talking about the BRICS, is how fast these emerging countries are becoming main actors, and often real protagonists, in fields such as world economics, geopolitics and global opportunities. This publication collects the proceedings of the international conference “The BRICS Group in the Spotlight”, held on the 6-7 November 2014 at University of Parma. This conference aimed to encourage systematic, interdisciplinary analysis about the importance of BRICS vis-à-vis contemporary debates in the socio-political, economic, geopolitical and legal studies realms. This volume gathers 16 research contributions from 24 scholars from all around the world. It is divided into four parts: BRICS and global politics; BRICS, socio-economic rights and social inequalities; BRICS’ economic dimensions; BRICS, sustainable development and energy.
rThe idea of justice has always played an important role in the Russian socio-cultural model. Is it still true today? If so, what is, according to Russians, personal and social justice? What social structure suits their understanding of justice the most? Does it imply any forms of inequality? The chapter addresses these questions with the help of recent national survey data obtained by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The book deals with the philosophical aspects of globalization.
Sociological research can and should become a scientific basis for formation of social policy, allowing to mitigate the growing negative phenomena in society. Study of the causes of social inequality, tendencies of deepening or weakening of signs of differentiation society, international experience of state and public response negative social indicators, national and regional practice of influencing various manifistations of inequality of both local and national character - the most important directions of the fundamental and applied sociological science.
The collection presents reports of more than 1300 sociologists on various aspects of social inequality and social justice.
Some classical and contemporary treatments of justice in sociology, interrelations of the concepts of social justice, on the one hand, and of legitimacy, recognition, majority and minority, on the other hand.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.