Техническое регулирование и стандартизация объектов инфраструктуры морского транспорта
The article addresses the issues of state regulation of the infrastructure facilities of maritime transport from the perspective of topical problems of the implementation of the RF Technical Regulation on the Safety of Maritime Transport Facilities, as well as the possibility of solving these problems by applying and improving standardization documents.
A well-developed system of technical monitoring suggests technical regulations which set defi nite fi nancially and economically substantiated requirements for the produce and processes. Th ese requirements must be explicit, unequivocal, comprehensive and suitable for practical use. Yet so far, the requirements of obligatory parameters of security and the requirements of quality of the produce and processes have actually had the same legal status and common terms of making and providing their compliance. Th e norm-and-technical documents have still enjoyed the status of obligatory legal documents which allows agencies and citizens. It obviously contradicts the Constitution fundamentals and is a serious hindrance to the development of the economy in Russia.
В статье раскрывается значение технического регулирования в современных условиях, взаимосвязь технических и юридических норм. Показаны различные аспекты происходящей в России реформы технического регулирования. Подчеркнута необходимость соблюдения преемственности в подходах к формированию современной системы технического регулирования.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.