How the media structure in Russia contributes to the state sport monopoly and concentrates the market of symbolical violence
The main assumption of this paper is that sport in Russia could not be regarded as a business or as part of the entertainment industry but solves first of all ideological problems - support of the national glory and patriotic education. From this point of view, it is interesting to see how the classic peace-making slogan of Pierre de Coubertin (sport is a peace) on which the Olympic movement is based, becomes increasingly less compatible with interstate competition and the glorification of particular nations inside this movement. To disclose the above thesis, we analysed industrial structures of Russian media and sport ownership in order to find similarities and correlations between the model the state uses to control and manage big media and the way it controls the field of sport. We discovered that similar models of the state financial control are used to control the sport industry via loyal oligarchs but mainly - through a couple of financial poles such as ‘Gazprom’ (main gas company in Russia).
This chapter is analysing french media market in its current situation. It collects main data about advertizing market and its structure, dinamics in 2009-2010. The structure of main assets of french media conglomerates (like Canal+, Hersant, Lagardere) is described as well. Main trends and changes in field of media concentration during second half of 2000s are presented. Separately chapter is analysing and presenting structure and dinamics of press market, television (including digital TV, public TV and commercial TV), radio and new media markets.
The paper studies empirically competition on regional markets for banking services in Russia. Bank-level statistics collected in two adjacent Russian regions, namely Bashkortostan and Tatarstan, enabled to compare these markets. Estimation based on Herfindahl-Hirschman index, Lerner index and Panzar-Rosse model suggests that both regional markets are featured by monopolistic competition. Contrary to ex ante expectations, intensity of competition in Bashkortostan turned out to be higher than in Tatarstan. There is found no convincing statistical proof to the theoretical hypothesis that market power dynamics are driven by market structure, i.e. by the degree of market concentration in the hands of top players.
In this paper the numerical simulation of surfactant dynamics in the topographically trapped long waves over a cylindrical shelf is described. Numerical modeling is based on the balance equation of the surface concentration. The dynamics of impurities was considered in the advection - diffusion - relaxation model. The comparison of different models of the shelf: endless slope, shelf - step concave exponential shelf has been made. It was established that the transverse bottom topography does not signifi cantly affect the geometry of the distribution of the pellicle, but it has an impact on the quantitative parameters of concentration. The infl uence of the number of mode on the concentration level for various models of the shelf was studied. The growth of the modes number increases the derivative concentration extremes from the equilibrium level.
The paper analyzes the dynamic change in the Russian banking asset concentration standard. There are other countries with similar pattern of banking asset concentration change, as the article reveals. The writer also shares her vision of further developments in the rate of asset concentration in the Russian banking industry.
This empirical paper adds to competition and industrial organization literature by exploring the interplay between industry structure and competitiveness on local, rather than nation-wide, markets. We use micro-level statistical data for banks in two Russian regions (Bashkortostan and Tatarstan) to estimate Herfindahl-Hirschman index, Lerner index, and Panzar-Rosse model. We estimate Panzar-Rosse model in two ways: via the widely used price-equation that accounts for scale effects and then via a revenue-equation that disregards scale effects as suggested by Bikker, Shaffer and Spierdijk (2009). We find both regional markets to be ruled by monopolistic competition, although estimation by revenue-equation does not reject monopoly hypothesis for Tatarstan. Existence of sizeable locally-owned and operated institutions does not necessarily lead to higher competitiveness of the given regional market. Non-structural methods of estimation suggest that bank competition in Bashkortostan is stronger than in Tatarstan.
The article is devoted to the problem of communicative features of the constructive structure of the font identity in the city branding sphere. This problem is considered in the framework of the nonlinearity of visual communication based on typology, comparative and structural analysis of the font identity of the world's cities. The article analyzes the brand identity of the city of Murmansk (2015) with the use of qualitative research methods: an expert interview with the designer of Murmansk identity.
This paper explores, mainly from a legal perspective, the extent to which the Russian regulations of traditional TV and online audiovisual media policies have been consistent with the Council of Europe (hereinafter CoE) standards. The study compares between the CoE and Russian approaches to specific aspects of audiovisual regulation including licensing, media ownership, public service media, digitalization, and national production. The paper first studies the CoE perspective through examining its conventional provisions related to audiovisual media, the case law of the European Court of Human Rights as well as the CoE non-binding documents. The paper then considers Russian national legislation governing audiovisual media and the Russian general jurisdiction courts’ practice on broadcast licensing. The paper suggests that the Russian audiovisual regulations are insufficiently compatible with the CoE standards and more in line with the Soviet regulatory traditions.
Systems Thinking in Museums explores systems thinking and the practical implication of it using real-life museum examples to illuminate various entry points and stages of implementation and their challenges and opportunities. Its premise is that museums can be better off when they operate as open, dynamic, and learning systems as a whole as opposed to closed, stagnant, and status quo systems that are compartmentalized and hierarchical. This book also suggests ways to incorporate systems thinking based on reflective questions and steps with hopes to encourage museum professionals to employ systems thinking in their own museum. Few books explore theory in practice in meaningful and applicable ways; this book offers to unravel complex theories as applied in everyday practice through examples from national and international museums.