Atom femto trap: experimental realization
In this work, we demonstrate the trapping of rubidium (Rb) atoms in a pulsed optical dipole trap formed by femtosecond laser radiation with a pulse duration as small as 70 fs. The atom localization in such trap strongly depends on the heating of the atoms caused by the momentum diffusion due to the dipole force fluctuations. The atom femto traps can be used for localization of atoms others than alkaline and alkaline earth atomic elements by conversation of pulsed laser radiation of visible or near infrared to UV spectral.
The photoaquation of the (OsCl62-)-Cl-IV complex was studied by means of stationary photolysis, nanosecond laser flash photolysis and ultrafast kinetic spectroscopy. The (OsCl5)-Cl-IV(OH)(2-) complex was found to be the only reaction product. The quantum yield of photoaquation is rather low and wavelength-dependent. No impact of redox processes on photoaquation was revealed. The total characteristic lifetime of the process is about 80 ps. Three intermediates were recorded in the femto- and picosecond time domains and assigned to different Os(IV) species. The nature of intermediates and possible mechanisms of photoaquation are discussed.
The results of measurements of an electron density in a microwave plasma filament in dense gas (argon) are reported. The electron density has been determined on the basis of Stark broadening of lines detected in the absorption spectrum. A high-resolution spectrometer incorporating GaAlAs diode laser operating at 870 nm has been used to measure Stark broadening and shifts of the argon line. The electron density in the filament was found to increase from the initial level of 10 exp 12/cu cm to value n sub e greater than 10 exp 16/cu cm. The dependencies of the electron density on gas pressure and microwave power density are presented.
This paper presents results of experimental investigation of combined impact of 500 keV protons with fluences of 1015–1016 cm−2 and oxygen plasma with fluences of (0.8–3.5) 1020 cm−2 on polyimide films. Measured UV–vis transmission, Raman and XPS spectra of polyimide specimens before and after combined impact and data on the sample mass losses as a result of erosion due to oxygen plasma exposure are given. On the base of the obtained spectroscopic results, the changes in the polyimide structure caused by the proton and oxygen irradiation are analyzed and discussed.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.