РАСШИРЕНИЕ ГРАНИЦ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ МЕТОДОВ ДЕШИФРОВАНИЯ ШИФРА ВИЖЕНЕРА
Purpose of the article: to introduce a strict formalized model for the content of plaintext, noisy text, determine the boundary of the level of noise in the plaintext at which its content cannot be understood native speaker. Method: decryption of the modified Vigenere cipher, in the role of a key in which low-quality is used gamma is a periodic noisy sequence. The result obtained: the formalization of the task of decrypting a random gamming cipher is justified, Vizhener's code, the concept of the content of distorted plaintext is given. Algorithms developed the content of the plaintext (keywords), its suppression, restoration of the content noisy- spelling correction text, with segmentation. A scale for understanding text levels has been introduced. Based on the repeated noisy texts of similar subjects, the experimental value of the average text is obtained content level of restored noisy texts with lengths from 100 to 2000 characters.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.