State-of-the-art plasmonic crystals for molecules fluorescence detection
We propose a method of measuring low concentrations of fluorescent molecules located in a small volume of a liquid solvent (about 5 μl) based on the Ebbesen effect of the extraordinary transmission (EOT) of light through a state-of-the-art plasmonic crystal formed by a nanohole array perforated in the ultra-high-quality Ag film. In the method, the EOT effect is realized at the fluorescence wavelength of the detected molecules with a low transmission of light at the absorption wavelength. This approach enables the realization of high level sensor sensitivity approaching a sensitivity level of single molecules counting sensors, owing to the suppression of the sensor substrate’s inevitable parasitic luminescence. The proposed method was successfully demonstrated by detection an ultra-low concentration of Cy-5 fluorescent markers in a dimethyl sulfoxide solution corresponding to less than 1000 molecules in the sensor detection volume.
The article considers a choice of CAD system and SPICE-models for the circuit simulation of characteristics of the bipolar (BiJFET) analog integrated circuits (IC) at the exposure of the penetrating radiation (PR) and the low temperatures. The authors suggest a modified SPICE-model, which describes the nonmonotonic change of the peak drain current and the slope of the p-n junction FET (JFET) within the temperature range from –200ºС to 30ºС.
A theoretical model is suggested to determine the critical conditions for generation of circular prismatic misfit dislocation loops in hollow core-shell nanoparticles. Based on a strict solution of the linear elasticity boundary-value problem for a circular prismatic dislocation loop in a free-surface shell, we examine the loop formation energy in the nanoparticle and show a potential opportunity to fabricate hollow coherently bonded, i.e. dislocation-free, core-shell nanoparticles by using thin-wall shells with inner-to-outer radii ratio larger than 0.8 as supporting cores.
We demonstrate evidence of coherent magnetic flux tunneling through superconducting nanowires patterned in a thin highly disordered NbN film. The phenomenon is revealed as a superposition of flux states in a fully metallic superconducting loop with the nanowire acting as an effective tunnel barrier for the magnetic flux, and reproducibly observed in different wires. The flux superposition achieved in the fully metallic NbN rings proves the universality of the phenomenon previously reported for InOx .We perform microwave spectroscopy and study the tunneling amplitude as a function of the wire width, compare the experimental results with theories, and estimate the parameters for existing theoretical models.
The possibilities of computer experiments performed with the MDSLAGMELT v. 10.0 information-research system (IRS) with remote access are described. The main classes of mathematical models and methods and the sets of properties obtained in computer experiments are considered. An information model is developed for an oxide melt to study multidimensional composition–temperature–property–structure relations. A nanostructural model based on generalized graph network descriptors is considered in detail. The results of simulating the structure-sensitive properties of the SiO2–Na2O system using IRS are presented.
This paper desribes the history of a laser gyro, which originated from one of the fundamental physics area - optics of moving media, and in particular the Sagnac effect. The development of the ring laser gyro construction concepts from its first samples of minimal configuration to multi-frequency Zeeman modifications with nonplanar resonators is observed.The general trends in the inertial sensors market are presented.
This book presents research dedicated to solving scientific and technological problems in many areas of electronics, photonics and renewable energy. Progress in information and renewable energy technologies requires miniaturization of devices and reduction of costs, energy and material consumption. The latest generation of electronic devices is now approaching nanometer scale dimensions; new materials are being introduced into electronics manufacturing at an unprecedented rate; and alternative technologies to mainstream CMOS are evolving. The low cost of natural energy sources have created economic barriers to the development of alternative and more efficient solar energy systems, fuel cells and batteries.
Nanotechnology is widely accepted as a source of potential solutions in securing future progress for information and energy technologies. Nanoscale Materials and Devices for Electronics, Photonics and Solar Energy features chapters that cover the following areas: atomic scale materials design, bio- and molecular electronics, high frequency electronics, fabrication of nanodevices, magnetic materials and spintronics, materials and processes for integrated and subwave optoelectronics, nanoCMOS, new materials for FETs and other devices, nanoelectronics system architecture, nano optics and lasers, non-silicon materials and devices, chemical and biosensors,quantum effects in devices, nano science and technology applications in the development of novel solar energy devices, and fuel cells and batteries.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.