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New Cold War and the Crisis of the Liberal Global Order

Гласер (Кукарцева) М.А.

Currently, international relations

and the global order are in turmoil

and disorder. The bases of the international

order and the means by which it was regulated

are in the process of being dismantled,

such as the central considerations of

the Treaty of Westphalia that guided international

politics and diplomacy for centuries.

As the world becomes increasingly polarised

into different opposing and competing

geopolitical camps, the question needs

to be asked, why is this happening? The answer

seems to lie, at least in part, in a rapidly

evolving and changing system of global

political hegemony, where liberal democracy

is on the wane. This is also further

influenced by the declining economic

and military power of the West, where

the US is still the unipolar hegemony, but

is declining in its hard power and ability

to manage/control international affairs

as it was able to do in the 1990s (such as

the First Gulf War in 1990–91 and Kosovo

in 1999). This paper analyses the rise and

decline of the West, and the international

consequences and results. A conclusion

of this paper, although the West is significantly

weakened in terms of its political,

military and economic power, it is trying

to stave off its decline. Therefore, the ‘New

Cold War’ is an important element in this

strategy as a means to try and unite a divided

and wary domestic audience by attempting

to invoke the spectre of a foreign

‘threat’ and to do this through the concept

of a crisis. A crisis represents an extraordinary

situation, which if accepted, becomes

the basis for applying extraordinary mea sures to ‘rescue’ the public from the hazard.

It is a means to try and bargain the public’s

freedom for their sense of security.