New Cold War and the Crisis of the Liberal Global Order
Currently, international relations
and the global order are in turmoil
and disorder. The bases of the international
order and the means by which it was regulated
are in the process of being dismantled,
such as the central considerations of
the Treaty of Westphalia that guided international
politics and diplomacy for centuries.
As the world becomes increasingly polarised
into different opposing and competing
geopolitical camps, the question needs
to be asked, why is this happening? The answer
seems to lie, at least in part, in a rapidly
evolving and changing system of global
political hegemony, where liberal democracy
is on the wane. This is also further
influenced by the declining economic
and military power of the West, where
the US is still the unipolar hegemony, but
is declining in its hard power and ability
to manage/control international affairs
as it was able to do in the 1990s (such as
the First Gulf War in 1990–91 and Kosovo
in 1999). This paper analyses the rise and
decline of the West, and the international
consequences and results. A conclusion
of this paper, although the West is significantly
weakened in terms of its political,
military and economic power, it is trying
to stave off its decline. Therefore, the ‘New
Cold War’ is an important element in this
strategy as a means to try and unite a divided
and wary domestic audience by attempting
to invoke the spectre of a foreign
‘threat’ and to do this through the concept
of a crisis. A crisis represents an extraordinary
situation, which if accepted, becomes
the basis for applying extraordinary mea sures to ‘rescue’ the public from the hazard.
It is a means to try and bargain the public’s
freedom for their sense of security.
The article introduce translation of John Rawls's research "The Law of Peoples". This lection was written in 1993 and has not been translated into Russian before. This article analyses the conception of international justice extended by Rawls considering its terminology, methodology and basic points. International justice is explored in correlation with rawlsian fundamental theory of justice. But through the special scope conception of international justice based on liberal values goes beyond liberal societies and gives a framework for transformation of international law and policy.
The present Article is devoted to impact on regulation of international relations by soft law. The basic views of soft law norms classification are described. The author focuses attention on influence of soft law in lawmaking process. The analysis of some treaty, custom and soft norms of international law is given. The role of General Assembly Resolutions is underlined.
An emergence of China as a new center of power causes hot debates about its possible positive and negative impacts on the system of international relations. In an attempt to explain the present and predict what is awaiting the world in the future, the humankind traditionally refers to the history. Meanwhile, in the age of new media and a rapid development of technologies this branch of knowledge inevitably undergoes changes, for example, the role played by public history is gradually increasing. For China, which focuses on soft power and the country image in the international arena, this aspect is very important, although for many centuries there is already a quite special, different from Western worldviews, relation to the history in the Chinese society. Obviously, there is a need to explore and subject to comprehensive analysis a number of features that characterize a process of a formation of Chinese historical narratives.
The arcticles included in this collection summarize the results of the second stage of international project devoted to history and contemporary state of relations between nieghbouring states, peoples and cultures.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.