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Article

Антропоморфизация японского государства и его эмоциональная жизнь (вторая половина XIX в. – 1945 г.)

Вопросы философии. 2020. № 1. С. 180-194.

Second half of 19th century–1945 was the period of drastic changes in Japanese
society, the time of building the nation-state and the Great Japanese Empire,
based on the unity of all Japanese people. Political reforms and the ideology
of this period are well investigated. However, there are few studies of how
the Japanese themselves and people's worldview have changed. The article focuses
on the emotional transformations of the Japanese during this period and
based on official historical documents, writings of publicists, poetry and prose.
One consequence of such a rapid changes was, in particular, the dramatic increase
in number of mental illnesses and suicides during the Meiji period.
Shared exaltation was a characteristic feature of the era, the most important
government decisions were made on a sudden impulse. Literature (especially
the new shintaishi poetry contributed to the popular feelings excitement, and
openly promoted xenophobia. The belief in the superiority of the Japanese
spirit over matter dictated decisions that were insane in military-practical
terms. Thus, in 1941 Japan attacked the main US naval base in the Pacific –
Pearl Harbor. The decision that led to the collapse of the empire.