Правовое регулирование оператора поисковой системы в качестве информационного посредника
This article considers legal regulation of the search engine operators under Russian law. The author analyses the normative definition of the search engine operator provided by legislation on information and compares it to rules on information intermediary liability under civil legislation. A significant factor affecting the legal status of search engine operators is the distinction between general web search and specialized search engines. The author submits that it is necessary to analyse operations with information the operator of search engines performs. In general, in and of itself, provision of information on the location of certain material does not result in the finding of information intermediary legal status for the operator of search engine. Provision of access to material or information necessary for its obtaining requires access and use of information, whereas operator of the search engine has absolutely no control over materials, the location of which it communicates. That said, specialized search engines often perform additional actions resulting in their categorization as information intermediaries of a certain type, which requires detailed analysis of operations with information performed by the respective operator of the search engine.