Impact of Modern Information and Communication Tools on International Migration
Observing the dramatic increase in the flow of migrants since the 2000s, one can hypothesise that emergent access to the Internet and mobile communications has contributed to it. Indeed, information and communication technologies (ICTs) help potential migrants overcome the strongest barrier to migration – incomplete information. In a number of studies ICTs are found to assist migration decision-making. An alternative view suggests that ICTs enhance capacities to maintain working and family life across long distances. Empirical evidence for 191 countries for the period 1995–2015, confirms the negative link between changes in ICT development and migration intensity. In the medium- and long-term, the migration growth rate is lower in the countries with a higher ICT growth rate. The negative link may also be attributed to immigration policy developing, to face the challenges of increased availability of information needed for undertaking migration, and mitigate risk of uncontrolled migration.