Интонация как фактор регуляции общения
The article addresses the problems of effective human communication and the role of phonetic means in achieving the pragmatic aim. The problem is considered from the point of view of the Theory of Speech Acts and discourse-analysis which allows the author to conclude that intonation and prosodic cues come first when processing and interpreting certain communicative-pragmatic types of utterances. The paper explores how context can enhance our understanding of the role played by prosody in interactive discourse. Special focus is given to a range of prosodic parameters which are known to make meaningful contributions to discourse. Finally it is proposed that the prosodic shape of utterances primarily functions to guide the listener in how to proceed: how to access the relevant cognitive context within which to interpret the speaker’s contribution, how to evaluate that contribution, and how to construct the interaction itself, to enable the communication to take place.