Many industries of a modern economy display the interaction of private and public agents and volunteers. In this paper we discuss current attempts to explain the existence of nonprofit firms, phenomenon of altruism, comparative characteristics of economic behavior in all three sectors. The authors explore altruistic motives. They consider also a case of community transport in several countries. The research was carried out as provided by the HSE program of fundamental studies in 2013.
Many industries of a modern economy display the interaction of private and public agents. In this paper we analyze the organization of bus network and discuss the characteristics of modeling the competition between fi rms in the bus industry. The author describes the simple model of competition between public and private fi rms and the equilibrium: the prices and the quality of this service set by private and public fi rms. In addition, the author discusses some possible modifi cations of the simple model. The research was carried out as provided by the HSE program of fundamental studies in 2010.
he paper proposes a two-stage mixed duopoly model of exhaustible resource market where at the first stage the government decides on the degree of privatization of public firm and at the second stage the public and private firms decide simultaneously on the two-period extraction paths. It is demonstrated that if the two firms have symmetric technologies with increasing marginal extraction costs and the same resource stocks, then neither full nationalization of any of the two firms nor full privatization will be socially desirable. It is shown that the presence of a semi-public firm improves intertemporal allocation of the fixed resource stock. Thus, partial privatization is optimal even under exogenously fixed total outputs of each firm. For asymmetric cost case, when the public firm is less efficient than the private firm, we derive the conditions under which full nationalization or full privatization is optimal.