Зарубежный опыт профилактики вовлеченности подростков в криминальные субкультуры и группировки
Different approaches to preventing adolescents’ involvement in criminal and delinquent communities are reviewed in the article. State actions and practices of local communities are analyzed. Main types of prevention practices (early prevention and intervention programs) are discussed; online prevention tools are mentioned.
The author of the article analyzes the issues of human freedom from exploitation as a value, being a subject to criminal enforcement, that is, its protection from criminal attacks by suppression, prevention, and warning of the latter, as well as through criminal prosecution, punishment and rehabilitation of the perpetrators of such abuse, and recovery of the beached by such encroachments justice. The author also justifies the system of exploitation and relevance to counter them by means of criminal law.
The letters of Eleanor Lord Pray (1868-1954) describe the reaction to the news of the revolution, the first rallies and demonstrations in the Far East, the revolutionary upsurge and its end, the intervention and rise to power of the Bolsheviks in 1922. Pray is often quite critical and notes her disappointment with modern society, and her look at current events reveals a regret about the past and the coming changes. The author writes about the complete absurdity of the ongoing social change and inconsistency of the revolutionaries. At the same time the enthusiasm for the possibility of a new bright future for Russia is replaced by bitter disappointment with what has happened. Special attention is given to intervention and to the relationship with the new government. In 1930, after 36 years of living in Vladivostok, finally losing all possibilities for living in Soviet Russia, Pray leaves the country forever.
Book devoted to analysis of peace operations by UN and specifically "Responsibility to Protect" concept
The so-called Kiev Maidan of 2013-2014 is analyzed herein, the legal description of events occurred was given and the outcomes arising therefrom are described. The delimitation of such Maidans from any social protests of positive nature is made; the causes of crimes committed during riots hidden under political rhetoric are shown. The provocative role of the street opposition in criminal protests is revealed and a set of measures is indicated to prevent any possible loosening of the situation in the Russian context.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.